Spacewalking was “…outrageous for sure”, especially working on the Shuttle’s robot arm. “You look to the heavens for what the meaning of life is down here,” says Musgrave. The servicing mission transformed a media narrative of Nasa’s incompetence into one of triumph. Watch how Hubble allows us to see further into the past than ever before in this clip from Horizon. Hubble's images have shed new light on the origins of the Universe (Credit: Nasa). A veteran of the US Marine Corps with academic degrees in six subjects, from maths to medicine, F. Story Musgrave became NASA’s preeminent authority on spacewalks. Story Musgrave, who had worked on Hubble's development since the early 1970s, served as lead spacewalker. Musgrave and Hoffman carried out one of the longest spacewalk missions in Nasa history (Credit: Nasa). Musgrave and Hoffman carried out three spacewalks, alternating with their colleagues Kathryn Thornton and Tom Akers. “People assume you’ve got the right answers and they don’t dare challenge the answers, so that’s why I refused the title of EV1. The Hubble telescope was launched in April 1990. By June 1990, when Nasa realised the seriousness of the situation, it described the mirror defect as a “spherical aberration”. Musgrave performed the first space shuttle space walk in 1983 on Challenger’s maiden flight. “You’ve got to reward the people that do all the work.”, The repair mission had a record-breaking five spacewalks. During this maiden voyage of Space Shuttle Challenger, the crew performed the first Shuttle deployment of an IUS/TDRS satellite, and Musgrave and Don Peterson conducted the first Space Shuttle extra-vehicular activity(EVA) to test the new space suits and construction and repair devices and procedures. Nasa either needed to write it off or fix it. Story Musgrave had worked on the development of the Hubble Space Telescope from its inception in the mid-1970s to launch in April 1990. “During its development they told me to identify every possible failure it could get into and come up with the spacewalk and tools to fix each one of those failures,” Musgrave explains. “We had very few surprises as we went along.”. An investigation concluded that, during manufacturing, the mirror’s edges had been polished slightly too flat. Ben Evans is a science and space writer. Hubble celebrates its 25th anniversary this month. How Mission Control works is the whole team plays with the data, you challenge each other and finally converge on the right solution.” Musgrave wanted to be one of the gang. And who humanity is.”. As a result (and by Nasa’s own admission) Hubble’s first servicing mission, STS-61, was to become one of the most challenging and complex crewed spaceflights ever attempted. But this was American taxpayers’ money and the faulty machine was in space. Anchored to the robotic arm 600 kilometres (370 miles) above the Earth, they spent almost eight hours replacing gyroscopes, control units and electrical circuits. One of the most famous and most versatile NASA astronauts. Our special issue Hubble: 30 Years of Discovery is out now. NASA EXPERIENCE:Dr. Musgrave was selected as a scientist-astronaut by NASA in August 1967. In addition to clocking thousands of hours in outer space, Musgrave is a retired trauma surgeon, pilot, landscape architect, mechanic, concept artist, design professor, business owner, farmer, and father of seven. Hubble Docked with the Shuttle Endeavor (1993) Astronaut F. Story Musgrave, anchored on the Space Shuttle Endeavor's robotic arm, prepares to be elevated to the top of the Hubble Space Telescope during Hubble's first servicing mission in 1993. He first flew on STS-6, which launched from the Kennedy Space Center, on April 4, 1983, and landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California, on April 9, 1983. Four years after the Challenger disaster, Nasa found itself once again at the centre of a political storm and “negligence” was one of the milder words being bandied around by journalists, commentators and politicians. In the years since, Hubble’s near-disastrous early years have been largely forgotten. Dr. Story Musgrave - Space Shuttle Endeavour, Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission The most dramatic of Dr. Story Musgrave’s space missions was his fifth flight on the Space Shuttle Endeavour. Backed by hundreds of engineers, technicians and controllers on the ground, during the 11-day mission, the Shuttle crew carried out five back-to-back EVAs, notching-up some 35 hours and 28 minutes outside the spacecraft. Astronaut Story Musgrave works on the Hubble Space Telescope. Story Musgrave Me I Am People And so, I was not a military test pilot, but as soon as NASA expressed an interest in flying scientists and people who were not military test pilots, that was an epiphany that just came like a stroke of lightning. That was why spacewalk expert Musgrave had been assigned to the project in the first place. Astronaut F. Story Musgrave, one of two STS-6 mission specialists, participates in a safety tether dynamics checkout procedure during the mission’s April 7 extravehicular activity (EVA). Three days later, the spacecraft rendezvoused with Hubble and Swiss European Space Agency astronaut Claude Nicollier used the robotic arm to capture the faulty telescope and park it in the payload bay. This was the first space walk from a Space Shuttle. In space shuttle history, there is one astronaut who bears the distinction of having flown … This article originally appeared in Hubble: 30 Years of Discovery, a new special edition magazine available now. “There were 13 systems broken, so that dictates the mission and what we could’ve done,” Musgrave explains. “Astronaut F. Story Musgrave (top right center) works with a restraint device near the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during the first of five STS-61 extravehicular activities (EVA). An astronaut, … An interview with former astronaut Dr. Story Musgrave reflecting on the Hubble Space Telescope's anniversary, and his career. As the crew began its spacewalk training in the giant water tank in Houston, the list of failures on board the ailing telescope was getting longer and the required repairs more numerous. Thanks to the crew and support staff of STS-61, Hubble has become one of the most significant and important space missions of all time. Before becoming an astronaut, he worked as an electrician, a mathematician, a computer programmer, a … One of only a handful of astronauts to complete six space missions, he was payload commander on mission STS-61: the mission to fix the Hubble Space Telescope’s mirror. “I did not identify [the mirror] as a possible failure… but I should have.”. In fact the serious glitches, faults and defects experienced by Hubble are now described in the history section of its official website as “teething problems” – an understatement, perhaps, given the potential gravity of the situation. Astronaut F. Story Musgrave moves about in Space Shuttle Endeavour's cargo bay during the deployment of the solar array panels on the Hubble Space Telescope during the final of five STS-61 spacewalks. If the problems with Hubble represented the worst of Nasa, then STS-61 showed the agency at its best. Musgrave was also the oldest spacewalker, aged 58. This was by far one of the most important and complicated mission to face NASA. The only problem they encountered was closing the instrument compartment doors. During his visit, he described his upcoming space walk and planned instrument installation. Now Musgrave was tasked with leading an Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) team that would enable Hubble to fulfil its potential. There’s no such thing as too busy.”. How did the Hubble Space Telescope come about? Selected in 1967, he took part in as many as six Space Shuttle missions.He left NASA in … Read about our approach to external linking. What was wrong with Hubble’s mirror, and how was it fixed. From his childhood on a dairy farm in western Massachusetts, to payload commander on the Hubble Space Telescope rescue mission, share Story s incredible physical and spiritual journey as he relates to the world, and the universe, around him. The mission restored the spaceborne observatory's vision (marred by spherical aberration in its mirror) with the installation of a new main camera and a corrective optics package. Ten years later, he was the lead space walker during the first mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope. An astronaut, doctor and scientist (he has seven graduate degrees, including maths and medicine), Musgrave understood every system, instrument and component; every panel, nut and bolt. Musgrave choreographed every detail down to the last screw or bolt. A picture of the telescope can even be glimpsed on the wall – alongside disasters including the Hindenburg and Titanic – in a blues club scene in the 1991 hit movie Naked Gun 2½. “I tried to disempower myself, because if you’re too powerful the right answers don’t come,” he says. Story Musgrave had worked on the development of the Hubble Space Telescope from its inception in the mid-1970s to launch in April 1990. “I was looking at the whole continent of Australia. Story has flown more than 170 different types of aircraft, he is the only astronaut to fly all five space shuttle aircraft, he fixed the Hubble telescope, and he has flown more than 25 million miles in orbit around our planet. “You design for not having physical strength. Mission duration was 5 days, 23 minutes, 42 seco… When astronaut Story Musgrave opened one of the doors on Hubble to install a new camera, the door would not close, so Musgrave and the other astronauts had to think of a creative way to get around the problem. Fortunately, the agency had always intended that the space telescope would be regularly serviced and updated in orbit. This meant the $1.6bn (£1.06bn) observatory was unable to properly focus. And, for Musgrave, the space telescope has become much more than a science mission. “Most of Hubble’s failures should never have happened,” Musgrave says. They wanted us to concentrate on fixing Hubble – to concentrate on the back of the bus.”. “You’re never too busy if you’re an explorer,” he says. A gallery of some of Hubble's greatest hits: the … Musgrave’s biography is full of anecdotes and inspirational events. However, the Nasa space telescope that has transformed our view of the Universe was launched with a major defect. “The most important deployment in history; a huge mission. “The American public had never seen a mission like this. The whole world was waiting for the results,” says Story Musgrave of the STS-61 mission. “You’re looking at the Earth go by, you’re looking at the aurora, at the stars and you’re experiencing the doing itself. He is not only a medical doctor, but also a chemist, mathematician, biophysicist, physiologist and computer scientist. 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