Pollen allergy is on the prowl due to male paper mulberry plants in Islamabad. This article is jointly authored by Rabia Shafqat* and Manan Aslam**- *Student at University of Management and Technology (UMT), Sialkot**Faculty Member at Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture (MNSUAM), Multan. According to PTI’s environment advisor, the new hydroelectric plants were installed at the cost of around Rs5 billion.They have capacities ranging from 10 to 500 kilowatts. Paper, plastics, and wood are linked to the destruction of forests and other natural resources.By focusing on recycling paper, plastics, and wood products as well as adopting responsibl… Doctor Ejaz Ahmad, senior director programs at WWF, explained that pesticide dealers have a corporate mentality which encourages farmers to cut trees and grow crops as a way of sustainable livelihood. Otherwise our basic necessities, our economy and our very existence could be in danger”, added Saeed. Since we have an invasion of mosquitos, dengue due to masses of filth, so plants beneficial to the environment should be promoted like Calendula or Basil as their leaves cure malaria, while chambeli or raat ki raani to work as mosquito repellents. Not only urbanization and timber mafia have amplified the deforestation but pressing need at homes of many individuals especially the ones residing on mountainous regions to burn wood for fuel is rapidly denuding forest cover. Deforestation 2. The upsurge in housing societies and development projects in Pakistan has accelerated deforestation in the country. We use wood as fuel to cook our food. The irony of our country is that capital is rapidly planting palm trees. Dr. Anis ur Rahman, Chief Executive Officer of Himalayan Wildlife Foundation (HWF), an NGO working for the conservation of biodiversity in Himalayas, said that capital was shifted from Karachi to Islamabad because of this beautiful and serene environment. After coming into power in KPK and taking the role of opposition in the centre, Imran Khan announced “billion tree tsunami” campaign to combat climate change. Pakistan’s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan. A study conducted by the University of Columbia has found that deforestation is largely driven by urbanization. “They are very important for the health of the coastal ecosystem, serve as carbon sinks, protect the coast from erosion, and serve as the first wall of defense against disasters like tidal waves, storm surges and tsunamis.” told Muhammad Tahir Qureshi, Senior Advisor Coastal Ecosystem at Coastal & Marine Program. Wetland consist of land areas that are filled with water either fresh, salt or somewhere in between. We can try to replicate such kind of model here in Pakistan with desired amendments. InamUllah Khan who is REDD+ Programme Coordinator of Pakistan told, “For the strategies we make it important to remember that every species of plants has a different capacity for carbon storage. Allowing the communities to have an alternate source of income besides fishing, which remained their main profession not only benefits them but also creates healthy ecology. However, with fast diminishing forest cover, CO2 is accumulated in the environment but not utilized which is warming the globe. Take a closer look at deforestation here. These chemical ridden insecticides etc have the ability to annihilate natural insect predators like lady bird and fireflies. Afia salam, environment based journalist told Pakistan has highest rate of urbanization as well as deforestation in South Asia and both of these factors serve as double edged sword for harming the healthy environment. The landscape of Pakistan has always championed the diversity in flora and fauna. And which trees were planted? “Each of Pakistan’s five provinces has its own forest law, intended to regulate forest conservation and timber harvesting according to local needs,” told Mohammad Saleem Deputy Director Media & Communications at the Ministry of climate change “But these are routinely ignored - often with the connivance of local politicians, some of whom encourage their constituents to cut down forest, sell the wood, and turn the land into profitable plots for farming or construction.”. They basically grow in cold weather but Islamabad weather is not conducive to their growth. Helga Ahmed, an environmental activist, striving for the preservation of forests especially in the Gilgit Baltistan region explained the massive deforestation in the region that was carried out in eighties and is now reaping the results in the form of frequent floods. We cried and prayed at that time so our elders decided that we should get involve in collecting herbs, seeds, nuts and mushrooms etc. Forestation on these kinds of wetlands reduce greenhouse gas emissions, keep carbon stored in the soil where it is, maintain water storage and perform purifying functions and conserve biodiversity in the area. It’s mean that cutting huge numbers of plants have a direct impact on the environment which is directly contributing to the global warming. Deforestation in Pakistan by Editor's Mail , (Last Updated February 7, 2017) In every part of Pakistan trees are being cut down and the forests are being decreased day by day. It looked like a ghetto. Even in areas where forested land is suitable for agriculture, replacing forests with monoculture crop or tree farms opens up the economic risk of failure from weather, pests or disease. “All Provincial and Territorial governments shall provide incentives for promoting farm forestry by promoting private investments.”. “The absence of mangroves have lowered the guards against the global warming and climate change which are adversely impacting Pakistan.” told Dr Baig. Pakistan welcomed the Ramsar Convention for wetlands in 1973. Mangroves depletion is not only aiding the sea intrusion but also depriving local communities from generating their income. Environment of Islamabad is not favorable to the growth of bearing good quality palm trees. Communities need to carefully consider the benefits and costs those who want to clear forest land for the agricultural or another purpose. Over the years, the genocidal trend of slaughtering trees has triggered disastrous climatic changes in the country. Saleem was of the view that since 53,000 people are directly employed in the forestry sector and millions others rely on them for livelihoods and meeting domestic energy needs. “At first the ideology was to cut trees for livelihood but now the paradigm shift is occurring. Solutions.• Pakistan 3. The report recommends widening the green spaces by planting trees in cities on an emergency basis. Principally, a rural community mainly depends on the forests to access water, medicine, fuel as well as for food items. If we are very much serious about our environment, then we would have to take small initiatives to achieve the higher goals and long term benefits of economic prosperity. According to Environment protection agency, over the years, industrialization has caused massive emission of carbon dioxide and other gases into the air. “Basically, they are the nurseries for different species of fish, prawns and crabs. Deforestation rate in Pakistan, estimated at 0.2 per cent to 0.5 percent annually, is the highest in the world, which accounts for a 4-6 percent decline in its wood biomass per annum. Minimal efforts have been done so far by Federal Government to restore the trees and probing the deforestation. On Pakistan’s Independence Day, WWF-Pakistan emphasised adopting nature-based solutions, reviving natural waterways, halting deforestation, promoting environment-friendly tourism … Here are a few solutions that can help save our planet from the harmful effects of deforestation. Deforestation may decline the GDP through marine life, rivers, and damage to forests which in return causing flooding and land sliding etc. Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to utilize the land or trees. In search of quality food, it will be more exposed to the predator or human settlement. Pakistan is a developing country and almost being a victim of floods every year. 0 Comments. They are built at the cost of cutting trees and vegetation. Forests play a vivacious role in the economic development of any country by attracting tourists, improving GDP as well as foreign exchange earnings. Vegetation models predict that trees water use efficiency (WUE) doubles as the amount of carbon dioxide doubles. Question: What was the reason for planting these non-indigenous plants? Sensing the dire need to conserve the forest cover and playing politics to score high on his national achievement card, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced the “Green Pakistan Programme”. However, United Nations Food and Agriculture organization (FAO)’s state of forest report documents a mammoth increase to 41000 hectares deforestation rate per year in Pakistan. Air Pollution. There is a need to keep a check on such activities before it is too late to act. At first, they were receptive about the initiative of substituting Neem seed as fertilizer and pesticide but later pesticide lobby brainwashed them by planting malicious ideas into their minds that were completely against farmers interests. Editorial. It was back in 1960, when Islamabad was planned by the foreigners, their main focus was on indigenous trees as they are fast growing and absorb less water, so the plantation started off with Drake trees, Popple, Orchid tree also known as Kachnar, Acasia, Cestrum Nocturnum (raat ki raani) and Jasmine (chambeli). These marine nurseries help local communities generate revenue apart from fishing. This will conserve our ecological zones”, he added. According to the Ministry of Climate Change, even though 10 million trees were planted in Sindh in 2015, the figure was not large enough to prevent heat waves in Karachi. Housing societies like Bahria town and DHA are planting palm tree just to beautify the environment. deforestation 1. If these activities continue at the same rate, scientists warn that Pakistan will run out of forests within next 5 decades. Domestic energy needs combined with poverty serves as a powerful motivation and factor to cut the forests to satisfy local needs. When compared to deforestation efforts, a plantation … Pakistan Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 2.2% or about 1,687,000 ha of Pakistan is forested, according to FAO. “Even though there is enough space for tree growth along the border of the lands, owners were too skeptical to use that area for farm forestry” explained Nasir, “for they suspected government is going to own their land.”. It is necessary for the Pakistani government to recognize the people of Gilgit-Baltistan as a voice that needs to be heard in order … He counted scarcity of fresh water, marine pollution, industrialization and urbanization in coastal areas as factors depriving coastal areas from mangrove trees. Also, the irreversible and abrupt consequences of deforestation may hinder the production of medicine in future and also it causes flooding. Although some have less and some have more lack of plants. It is equally important to introduce alternative livelihoods among forest communities and provide them alternative energy sources for cooking and heating. Deforestation increases the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as plants filter the carbon dioxide gases out from the air and release oxygen. National forest policy of 2016 envisioned farm forestry as a solution to the deforestation. The untethered cutting of trees has not only unleashed the curse of heat waves which took the toll of around 1200 human lives last year but also accelerated the floods that alone cost $16 billion to economy and claimed 3072 lives according to Pakistan Economic Survey. Green business concerns re-use and recycling. When I came to Pakistan, I realized none of the people knew about the trees growing around. Tree planting campaigns should be initiated on a national level at regular intervals of time and more than once in a year. Besides, they can easily survive because livestock doesn’t feed on them. We are already having a terrible water crises where people don’t even have water to drink. At that time I decided to step in to preach about Mother Nature and trees. It states, “Considerable reduction of trees and vegetation, and rapid urbanization over the recent years had also contributed to the severity of the heat waves.”. The official Ramsar convention website states that peat lands are kind of wetland areas with a naturally accumulated layer of dead organic material such as moss which help with natural forest growth. All nurseries should be banned unless they are producing beneficial, indigenous plants that helps creating a healthy environment in Pakistan. A few years ago, WWF monitored a leopard’s movement through a collar and observed that it took the route of Galliyat to Abbottabad and travelled for 8-9 days before coming back to Galliyat. What are your views on that? If you’re ready to join the movement to protect Forests, Wildlife, and Our Climate, here’s how you can start: Support efforts to amplify the voices of Indigenous Peoples and traditional forest communities. Carbon dioxide combined with these gases act like a blanket around the Earth. Gilgit-Baltistan could apply other alternative energy sources in order to curb deforestation in the sense of local efficiency. On the other hand, more and more trees should be planted along the road sides. Annual deforestation rate is 1.68% in the country which is the highest deforestation rate in Asia. Qureshi says, “In the past, there was no ownership of mangroves in Pakistan, as a result, a lot of mangroves were cut and large blank areas were created along the coast of Pakistan.” He added that in 1970, government recognized due importance of mangroves when the role of mangroves as breeding ground for fisheries was discovered. Your email address will not be published. • Pakistan is the country with highest rate of deforestation in Asia. The secretariat is working with United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and Ramsar Convention, an intergovernmental treaty that provides framework for wise use of wetlands and their resources. Deforestation: Consequences & Solutions. Ban on cutting of trees and new trees and planting more. 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