The Pyramid of the Sun is the largest structure at Teotihuacan. It’s not a long climb, but it is steep and some of the steps are a bit uneven. How did they develop? The rituals of the high priests took place on top of the pyramids and the populace observed from the great plaza below. The intricately carved pillars of the Palace of Quetzalpapalotl. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. For informed historians, it is a spiritual experience beyond reckoning. This blue bellied lizard put on quite a head bobbing dance indicating his displeasure at being photographed at close range. “We Wish You A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year !”, Happy 102nd Birthday National Park Service - A Tour of Western National Parks, Celebrating the Day of the Dead in San Miguel de Allende, Waterfall Hunting in the Pacific Northwest. Its main stairway faces the Avenue of the Dead. With the third largest pyramid in the world being found here, a visit to the pyramids of Teotihuacan is a trip not to be missed. I like seeing the houses, monuments, and cities they built. (Image: © Kate Connes | Shutterstock) Located about 30 miles (50 kilometers) northeast of modern-day … Located just 30 miles northeast of Mexico City is the ancient Mesoamerican city of Teotihuacan. Corrections? I urge you to go. Teotihuacan is a vast Mexican archaeological complex. Further discoveries were made in the ensuing decades. The Pyramid of the Sun is the largest pyramid at Teotihuacan and the second largest pyramid in Mesoamerica — only slightly smaller than the Great Pyramid of … The pyramids of Teotihuacan are among the largest on the planet. Teotihuacan. The Citadel: When the city was inhabited, this was the center of the city of Teotihuacan, but it is the southernmost point of the area open to visitors today.While visiting the site, keep in mind that the actual city of Teotihuacan extended over 12 square miles (20 km) and was intensely populated. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Pyramid-of-the-Sun, GlobalSecurity.org - Pyramids of the Sun and Moon. Omissions? View of the entire site with the Pyramid of the Sun on the left. The massive Pyramid of the Sun. The pyramid’s base measures 219.4 x 231.6 meters and a height of 65 meters; experts calculate the pyramid has a total volume of 1,184,828.3 cubic meters (41,841,817 cubic feet). Incredible, breath-taking, soul inspiring: there is grand enough superlatives to describe Teotihuacan. I just hadn’t heard much about Teotihuacan so my expectations were low. Once you get up to the top of the Pyramid of the Sun you really grasp just how enormous it is. But when we got off the bus and looked down the broad roadway called the Avenue of the Dead and saw the massive Pyramid of the Sun it was a definite Wow! It is ancient, shrouded in mystery, and once Mesoamerica’s greatest city. That makes it the third largest pyramid in the world by area even though it is still just over half the height of the Great Pyramid of Giza. The Teotihuacan people spoke Nahuatl language. The first construction stage, around 200 CE, brought the pyramid to nearly the size it is today. The early history of Teotihuacan is quite mysterious and the origin of its founders is uncertain. During hastily organized restoration work in 1905–10, the architect Leopoldo Batres arbitrarily added a fifth terrace, and many of the original facing stones were removed. Teotihuacan: definition and location. 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