[4], Marie reconciled with Cardinal Fleury, whom she kept contact with through letters and humbly entrusted to advise her how to behave in order to please the king. It was also her favorite portrait, which she had reproduced to give to friends. According to our records, Marie Leszczyńska is possibly single. As a devout Catholic, queen Marie gave her passive support to the so-called Dévots party at court, supported the bishops in their conflicts with the Parliament of Paris, and expressed sympathy for the Jesuit order in their conflict with the crown. Her other favorite lady in waiting was her Dame d'atour, Françoise de Mazarin, who supported Marie during the affair between her cousin, Louise Julie de Mailly, and the king. However the Infanta was still a child, and could not be expected to conceive for several years; while Louis XV, being fifteen, had already hit puberty. [4] Though she had simple habits - her apartments at Versailles were not redecorated after 1737 - her favorite game, cavagnole, often placed her in debt, and the King was normally unwilling to pay these off for her. Libris 10428618. David Bodanis: Passionate Minds: Emilie du Chatelet, Voltaire, and the Great Love Affair of the Enlightenment (2007), Alexander J. Nemeth: Voltaire's Tormented Soul. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska was a French queen by marriage to Louis XV, King of the French. In France, she was referred to as Marie Leczinska. Marie Leszczyńska, in full Marie-Catherine Leszczyńska, Polish Maria Karolina Leszczyńska, (born June 23, 1703, Breslau, Silesia—died June 24, 1768, Versailles, France), queen consort of King Louis XV of France (ruled 1715–74). In the end, the 21-year-old Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of Stanislaus I, the deposed king of Poland, was finally chosen.The marriage was celebrated in September 1725 when the king was 15. [4] However, when the list of 17 (including Barbara of Portugal, Princess Charlotte Amalie of Denmark, Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine and Enrichetta d'Este) was further reduced to four, the preferred choices presented numerous problems. [4] In the marriage contract, the same terms were given to her as was previously to the Spanish Infanta, and she was thus guaranteed fifty thousand crowns for rings and jewelry, two hundred and fifty thousand crowns upon her wedding, and the further guarantee of an annual widow allowance of twenty thousand crowns.[5]. [4] She and the clergy supported the idea of the king exiling his mistress Marie Anne de Mailly and her sister and the idea that the king should make a public regret for his adultery, but this did not improve their marriage.[5]. [5], The formal proposal was made on 2 April 1725. The king was reportedly delighted, stating that after it had been said that he could not be a father, he had suddenly become the father of two. Date of birth/death: 17 March 1685 7 November 1766 Location of birth/death: Paris: Paris: Work period: 1700s-1750s: Work location: Paris Authority control: Q277738; VIAF: 61708615; ISNI: 0000 0000 8141 1717; ULAN: 500120754; LCCN: n90662682; MusicBrainz: b25ab8a0-a7d3-45a4-846f-1b1b0473e950; WorldCat; Title: English: Marie Leszczyńska, Queen of France, Reading the Bible … During this time France was a powerful nation and often in conflict with Austria; the Austrian ambassador to France, Florimond Claude, Comte de Mercy-Argenteau, was said to have been romantically involved with the Queen, but this seems highly unlikely and was disregarded as court gossip. Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of the deposed King of Poland, married Louis XV in 1725 thanks to the influence of the Duke of Bourbon. Queen Marie never managed to develop political influence. Louis XV had been very impatient to marry her, was reportedly flattered to have a twenty two-year old wife at his age, and refused to allow any criticism of her appearance. Stanisław was born on October 20 1677, in LWÔW, Pologne. Her “colourist”, Etienne Jeaurat, guided her paintbrush for 15 years, and she was advised by Jean-Baptiste Oudry. Relationships. The Regent was highly dominated by his lover, Madame de Prie. Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen consort of France. It deprives the royal family of its most popular member. Marie Leszczyńska appears in 1 issues View all The Story of Sex: A Graphic History Through the Ages. Marie Leszczyńska was born on June 23 1703, in Trzebnica, to Stanisław I Leszczyński and Catherine Opalińska. Norrhem, Svante (2007). Queen Marie of France, pained by Carle van Loo, c1747. Memorial; Photos ; Flowers ; Polish Royalty, Queen consort of King Louis XV. She also oversaw the moral and religious Her children all regarded her as a role model of virtue, particularly the daughters, though Marie herself reportedly was not noted to show much affection toward them, being phlegmatic in her nature. Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen of France as wife of Louis XV. Marie was baptized on month day 1703, at baptism place. As Queen of France, she was known to welcome Swedish ambassadors to France with the phrase "Welcome, Dearest Heart!" Marriage and children. The marriage by proxy took place on 15 August 1725 in the Cathedral of Strasbourg, Louis XV represented by his cousin the Duke of Orléans, Louis le Pieux. [4], Marie was given an allowance of 100.000 livres for pleasure, charity and gambling, a sum which was in reality often irregularly paid and also insufficient, as she was often in debt. She had been placed there initially because she was a Catholic princess and therefore fulfilled the minimum criteria, but was removed early on when the list was reduced from 99 to 17, for being too poor. The Duke and de Prie planned to use the absence of Fleury to have him confined to an abbey, and gave Marie the task of informing Louis XV that the absent Fleury wished to enter an Abbey and leave his position at court. She was a daughter of […] Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, Florimond Claude, Comte de Mercy-Argenteau, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Henriette Marie, Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland, Anne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier, Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Élisabeth Marguerite, Duchess of Alençon and Angoulême, Françoise d'Aubigné, Marchioness of Maintenon, Maria Carolina Sophia Felicity Leszczyńska, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Leszczyńska&oldid=998593306, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking page references from June 2019, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gabrielle Angelique, Duchess of La Valette and Epernon, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 03:12. In June 1726, Fleury convinced the king to deprive the Duke of Bourbon of his ministry. The announcement of the wedding was not received well at the royal court. [4] The marriage negotiations, however, were soon overshadowed when a marriage for King Louis XV was given priority. She was not credited with any personal significance and not given much personal attention outside of her ceremonial role as queen. Lundh-Eriksson, Nanna: Hedvig Eleonora. [4] The princess' advice was that as Queen of France, it was Marie's duty was not to involve herself in political intrigues and plots, but to act as an example of virtue and piety and a role model of a "Catholic consort of the Most Christian King". [5], While her mother and grandmother Anna Leszczyńska (1660–1727) reportedly suffered from a certain degree of bitterness over their exile and loss of position which worsened their relationship with Stanislaus, whom they occasionally blamed for their exile, Marie, on contrast, was close to her father and spent a lot of time conversing with him, though she was evidently of a more rational nature: evidently, Marie "possessed the gift of suffering in silence and of never wearying others with her troubles", and was said to have developed "a profound and intense piety" which gave "to her youthful mind the maturity of a woman who no longer demands happiness". Wahlström & Widstrand (1947), Clarissa Campbell Orr: Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. [5] A year later, another daughter, Marie Louise was born, much to the disappointment of the King. Cardinal Fleury easily prevented the British match because of religious reasons. by Scott Mehl. She was also a great lover of music and painting and the protector of many artists. The reason were two incidents, both of which insulted the queen: During one long night of gambling, Voltaire's lover, Emilie du Chatelet, lost a fortune at the queen's gambling table, during which Voltaire whispered to her in English that she had been cheated. Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen of France as wife of Louis XV. Marie Leszczyńska is a member of the following lists: People from Trzebnica, 1703 births and Burials at the Basilica of St Denis. After the difficult birth of Princess Louise in 1737, which nearly took her life, Marie was advised by the doctors that another pregnancy may end her life, and from 1738, she refused Louis entrance to her bedroom. There were long-ongoing negotiations of a marriage between Marie and the now widowed Duke of Bourbon: Madame de Prie favored the match, as she did not perceive the reputedly unattractive Marie as a threat to her. Background. She was buried at the Basilica of St Denis and her heart was entombed at the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours in Nancy (Lorraine). [5] Louis XV, who suffered from restlessness and needed to be entertained, eventually became more inclined to listen when Marie was unfavorably compared to other women, and Cardinal Fleury, who wished to prevent Marie from eventually getting any influence over the king, favored the idea of the king taking a mistress as long as she was apolitical. Marie Louise Thérèse Victoire was born on 11 May 1733 and was known as Madame Quatrième as her birth happened shortly after the death of Marie Louise. Meanwhile, Cardinal Fleury learned of the plot to discredit him and left the palace. As queen, Marie Leszczyńska performed her ceremonial role in strict accordance with formal court etiquette and regularly and punctually fulfilled all representational duties that the court life at Versailles demanded of her. Katarzyna was born on September 3 1680, in POZNAN, Pologne. [4] This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings are also used in English and French. [5], Louis XV eventually became a notorious womaniser. Born Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska h. Wieniawa, she was the second daughter of Stanisław Leszczyński and his wife Katarzyna Opalińska. [5], Though not regarded as ugly, Marie was seen as plain with not much more than her fresh and healthy complexion in her favor; this faded due to her many pregnancies, but her piety prevented her from consenting to indulge in vanity in order make herself attractive. On their instruction, the queen called on the king to come to her chambers, where the Duke de Bourbon was present. 11 Monday May 2020. Queen Marie’s death at the age of 65 is a disaster for the monarchy. There were rumours before the wedding that the bride […] Mairiage. Marie Leszczyńska : biography 23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768 The announcement of the wedding was not received well as the royal court; as the father of Marie had been a monarch for only a short time, she was thought to be a poor choice. [5] Marie made a good impression upon the public from the beginning, such as when she handed out largesse on her way to her wedding in Fontainebleau. Marie Leszczyńska: | | |This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. In Culture. A devout Roman Catholic throughout her life, Marie was popular among the French people for her generosity and introduced many Polish customs to the royal court at Versailles. She befriended Orleans’s old chancellor, the comte d’Argenson, who promoted her to Louis’s new regent, the Duc of Bourbon. The relationship between Marie and Louis was initially described as a happy one, and for the first eight years of the marriage, Louis XV was faithful to her. Marie was, finally, chosen because she was a healthy adult Catholic princess ready to procreate immediately after the wedding. Cardinal Fleury, however, was much more displeased, and decided that until the queen had given birth to a son, she would not be allowed to accompany the king on his trips but stay at Versailles. Queen Marie was initially not respected by the royal court, where she was regarded as low-born. Stillborn Child (28 March 1735 – 28 March 1735). Her great rival, Madame de Pompadour, also a woman of taste and intellect, had already died a few years earlier. Tag Archives: Queen Marie Leszczyńska May 10, 1774: Death of Louis XV, King of France and Navarre. [5] Once, for example, she could find no other way to entertain him than to suggest him to kill the flies in the window panes. After her marriage, her appointed court consisted of a great number of followers of the Duke of Bourbon, among them Madame de Prie herself, the Duchess de Béthune, and the Marquise de Matignon, who were among her twelve ladies-in-waiting or dame du palais; the Duke's own sister, Marie Anne de Bourbon (1697–1741), became her Surintendante de la Maison the la Reine and Paris de Verney was appointed as her secretary. Marie Leszczyńska : biography 23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768 This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; various other spellings are also used in English and French. [4] In contrast, Marie herself seems never to have had extramarital relations. Her dislike of the match was known but ignored, as she had no dynastic connections. A fan depicting the marriage of Marie Leszczyńska and Louis XV on 5th September 1725 I have always liked a good wedding, especially one that goes on for days and involves a palace! [4] Cardinal Fleury himself favored a match with Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, which was supported by the maternal grandfather of Louis XV, The King of Sardinia, through his spy the Princess of Carignan, Maria Vittoria of Savoy. Her death on 24 June 1768, at the age of 65 was a huge blow to the French Monarchy. Between 1727 and 1737, she gave the king ten children, eight girls and two boys, of whom one survived: the Dauphin Louis (1729–1765). During the serious illness of Louis XV in Metz in August 1744, when he was believed to be dying, Marie was given his permission to join him, and was cheered by the supporting public along her journey, but when she arrived, he no longer wished to see her. However, the friction was soon overcome, reportedly because Marie-Josèphe was an admirer of the Queen's father. On 4 September 1725, she married Louis XV of France. Marie Leszczyńska spoke several languages and was highly cultured, with a great interest in the creative occupations, literature, music and art – especially painting. Indeed, one of the rooms in her private apartment was laid out as a studio. A Psychobiographic Inquiry (2010), Louis had no children; he died aged 10 in 1795. [5] They had eleven children: Queen Marie never managed to acquire any political influence. She met the castrato Farinelli in 1737, and the young Mozart in 1764, whom she found very charming. The Duke of Bourbon and Madame de Prie began negotiations for the immediate marriage of the King to Marie. Kept out of serious business and not held in particularly high regard in the Court, the Queen devoted her energies to the convent she founded in the town of Versailles for the education of poor girls. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska was the wife of King Louis XV of France. During the War of the Polish Succession in 1733–1736, she supported her father's candidacy to the Polish throne, and upon her father's demand,[4] she did her best to encourage Cardinal Fleury to support her father's candidacy, though she herself expressed to the Cardinal that she had never wished for the war and that she was an innocent cause of it because the French wished to enhance her dynastic status. [4] [4] Initially, this issue caused some friction between the queen and her new daughter-in-law. Bourbon asked the king if they should write a reply, which the King refused without the presence of Fleury. They day following the fall of the Duke de Bourbon's ministry, Louis XV stated to queen Marie that he demanded of her to let herself be directed by Cardinal Fleury in the future with the words: Marie's attempt to participate in state affairs during the events of 1726 resulted in a crisis in her relationship with Louis XV, and she sought advice on how to behave from the Princess of Carignano, whom unbeknownst to her was a spy in service of Savoy. She was the longest serving Queen consort of France. Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen o Fraunce as wife o Louis XV. Marie married Louis Xv of France on September 4 1725, at age 22. [3] In Sweden, the family was welcomed by the queen dowager Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp and became popular members of society life on the estates of the nobility around Kristianstad. Marie Leszczyńska, daughter of the deposed King of Poland, married Louis XV in 1725 thanks to the influence of the Duke of Bourbon. The Dowager Duchess of Lorraine, sister of the former Duke of Orléans, was also insulted that her own daughter Elisabeth-Therese had not been chosen. In France, she was referred to as Marie Leczinska. Louis XV is thus left to his own devices after the successive deaths of his mistress and wife. In all, Marie had 10 live children, seven of whom survived to adulthood. Marie Leszczyńska was previously married to Louis XV of France (1725 - 1768). The marriage by proxy took place on 15 August 1725 in the cathedral of Strasbourg, Louis XV being represented by his cousin Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans. Part II. She was the grandmother of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X of France. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska (23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768) (Polish pronunciation: [lɛʂˈtʂɨɲska]), also known as Marie Leczinska (pronounced [maʁi lɛɡzɛ̃ska]), was a Polish noblewoman and French Queen consort. [6], Queen Marie eventually did manage to win the respect of the court nobility by her strict adherence to court etiquette, which made her opinion at least formally important. [3] During this period in her life, Marie began speaking Swedish, with a Scanian accent. Kept out of serious business and not held in particularly high regard in the Court, the Queen devoted her energies to the convent she founded in the town of Versailles for the education of poor girls. Marie Leszczynsaka, Queen Consort of France for nearly 45 years was truly a people's queen. A Taste of Marie Leszczyńska is presented in the Dauphine’s Apartments, which have been reopened for the occasion. [4], She accepted that her courtiers were appointed because of rank rather than personal preference, and conversed politely with those who were in attendance. ", and became enthusiastic of the match, an episode which attracted some attention. During his visit to Versailles, she acted as an interpreter for her spouse and family who did not understand German. The lovers of Louis were often given positions in the court of Marie, in order for them to have a permanent access and official excuse to remain at court, which placed Marie in a difficult position. Marie's father Stanislaus had been a monarch for only a short time and she was thought to be a poor choice of inferior status not worthy of being queen of France. Marie Leszczyńska (Polish pronunciation: ... Death. in Swedish. Despite her lack of influence, she did have political views, and also some indirect political importance. The last two were the sisters of the Duke of Bourbon, Henriette-Louise and Therese-Alexandrine, whom the King himself refused to marry because of the disapproval of Cardinal Fleury. Among her own private friends were her grand almoner Cardinal de Luynes, Duke Charles Philippe d'Albert de Luynes and her Dame d'honneur Marie Brûlart. Queen Marie maintained the role and reputation of a simple and dignified Catholic queen. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Queen Marie in circa 1740 by Louis Tocqué, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Leszczyńska&oldid=7120750, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Unlike her elder siblings, she was not raised at Versailles, but rather at the Abbey of Fontevraud, where she remained until she was 15. [4] After Louis fell seriously ill, there was a great fear that he would die before he had time to have an heir to the throne. Cambridge University Press (2004). 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