The mounting of ladder safety devices for fixed ladders shall conform to the following: Mountings for rigid carriers shall be attached at each end of the carrier, with intermediate mountings, as necessary, spaced along the entire length of the carrier, to provide the strength necessary to stop employees' falls. This aspect of ladder safety can be highly technical and not easily memorized, especially as updates are made. The requirement to withdraw a defective ladder from service is satisfied if the ladder is either: Marked in a manner that readily identifies it as defective; Or blocked (such as with a plywood attachment that spans several rungs). The minimum perpendicular clearance between fixed ladder rungs, cleats, and steps, and any obstruction behind the ladder shall be 7 inches (18 cm), except in the case of an elevator pit ladder, for which a minimum perpendicular clearance of 4 1/2 inches (11 cm) is required. Obviously, falling off a ladder can injure you. Ladders shall not be moved, shifted, or extended while occupied. Falls from portable ladders (step, straight, combination and extension) are one of the leading causes of occupational fatalities and injuries. Additional Examples (The requirements to have guardrail systems with toeboards for falling object and overhead protection on platforms and landings are set forth in subpart M of this part.). The minimum perpendicular clearance between the center line of fixed ladder rungs, cleats, and steps, and any obstruction on the climbing side of the ladder shall be 30 inches (76 cm), except as provided in paragraph (a)(15) of this section. When splicing is required to obtain a given length of side rail, the resulting side rail must be at least equivalent in strength to a one-piece side rail made of the same material. A device, other than a cage or well, designed to eliminate or reduce the possibility of falls from ladders. Except when portable ladders are used to gain access to fixed ladders (such as those on utility towers, billboards, and other structures where the bottom of the fixed ladder is elevated to limit access), when two or more separate ladders are used to reach an elevated work area, the ladders shall be offset with a platform or landing between the ladders. Under the new regulations, a ladder over 24’ foot high “will” require a person-al fall arrest system or ladder safety system. OSHA Quiz: Ladder Safety . Ladder safety devices, and related support systems, for fixed ladders shall conform to all of the following: They shall be capable of withstanding without failure a drop test consisting of an 18-inch (41 cm) drop of a 500-pound (226 kg) weight; They shall permit the employee using the device to ascend or descend without continually having to hold, push or pull any part of the device, leaving both hands free for climbing; They shall be activated within 2 feet (.61 m) after a fall occurs, and limit the descending velocity of an employee to 7 feet/sec. For example, rule 1926.1053(a)(3)(i – iii) states that rungs, steps, and cleats should be spaced between 10 and 14 inches apart, but there are few exceptions. Ladders are used in many jobs for cleaning, painting, changing light bulbs, accessing storage areas, reaching platforms, and more. Ladders shall not be tied or fastened together to provide longer sections unless they are specifically designed for such use. Do not move or shift a ladder while a person or equipment is on the ladder. A cage or well, and multiple ladder sections, each ladder section not to exceed 50 feet (15.2 m) in length. The side rails of through or side-step fixed ladders shall extend 42 inches (1.1 m) above the top of the access level or landing platform served by the ladder. or OSHA Training Course. From 2017-2019, Ladders were #6 on OSHA’s Top 10 Most Cited Violations List . Ladder Safety Training Video - YouTube. The area around the top and bottom of ladders shall be kept clear. The rungs and steps of portable metal ladders shall be corrugated, knurled, dimpled, coated with skid-resistant material, or otherwise treated to minimize slipping. 11, 2014], Occupational Safety & Health Administration. Ladders must not be tied or fastened together to provide longer sections, unless they are specifically designed for such use. Have at least both hands and one foot or both feet and one hand in contact with the ladder at all times. Ladders built and tested in conformance with the applicable provisions of appendix A will be deemed to meet this requirement. The minimum clear distance between side rails for all portable ladders shall be 11 1/2 inches (29 cm). Copy link. Cross-bracing on the rear section of stepladders shall not be used for climbing unless the ladders are designed and provided with steps for climbing on both front and rear sections. Be aware of the ladder’s load rating and of the weight it is supporting, including the weight of any tools or equipment. The following OSHA ladder inspection requirements are specified in their safety standards. – Look for overhead power lines before handling a ladder. Ladder Safety. The area around the top and bottom of ladder must be kept clear. The General Industry Standard is 1910.24-27. If the normal step-across distance exceeds 12 inches (30 cm), a landing platform shall be provided to reduce the distance to the specified limit. Ladder Safety Training Video. Ladder repairs shall restore the ladder to a condition meeting its original design criteria, before the ladder is returned to use. OSHA ladder safety regulations. Feedback. An extension or straight ladder used to access an elevated surface must extend at least 3 feet above the point of support (see diagram). The OSHA standard for ladders (29 CFR 1926.1053) describes the safety requirements for working with and maintaining different kinds of fixed and portable ladders. Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Severe Storm and Flood Recovery Assistance. Rungs, cleats, and steps of the base section of extension trestle ladders shall not be less than 8 inches (20 cm) nor more than 18 inches (46 cm) apart, as measured between center lines of the rungs, cleats, and steps. Ladders shall be inspected by a competent person for visible defects on a periodic basis and after any occurrence that could affect their safe use. Wood ladders shall not be coated with any opaque covering, except for identification or warning labels which may be placed on one face only of a side rail. OSHA’s safety regulations on ladders include a wide range of ladder height, angle and spacing restrictions. Start. The proper angle for setting up a ladder is to place its base a quarter of the working length of the ladder from the wall or other vertical surface (see diagram). OSHA has specific rules about using ladders and working near ladders, as well as how ladders should be designed. But did you know that falling just 4 feet (or 1 meter) can actually kill you? When unavoidable obstructions are encountered, the minimum perpendicular clearance between the centerline of fixed ladder rungs, cleats, and steps, and the obstruction on the climbing side of the ladder may be reduced to 24 inches (61 cm), provided that a deflection device is installed to guide employees around the obstruction. Never use a ladder for any purpose other than the one for which it was designed. Ladder safety begins with the selection of the proper ladder for the job and includes inspection, setup, proper climbing and standing, proper use, care, and storage. The rungs of individual-rung/step ladders shall be shaped such that employees' feet cannot slide off the end of the rungs. or less; The connection between the carrier or lifeline and the point of attachment to the body belt or harness shall not exceed 9 inches (23 cm) in length. During the Quiz End of Quiz. If the ladder is damaged, it must be removed from service and tagged until repaired or discarded. •Maintain 3-points of contact with the ladder. Click here to download the ladder safety program Sequential Easy First Hard First. Where the total length of a climb equals or exceeds 24 feet (7.3 m), fixed ladders shall be equipped with one of the following: Self-retracting lifelines, and rest platforms at intervals not to exceed 150 feet (45.7 m); or. More than 30,000 people are hurt each year falling off ladders. Types of Ladders. For example, Rule 1926.1053(a)(3)(i-iii) explains that rungs, steps and cleats should be spaced between 10 and 14 inches apart, with few exceptions present. Because of the complexity and exceptions to some rules, it’s important you make thi… Ladders must be free of any slippery material on the rungs, steps or feet. Use a ladder only on a stable and level surface, unless it has been secured (top or bottom) to prevent displacement. 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