January 7 at 10:00 PM . Witch hazels need good drainage. “Witch hazel is an astringent produced from the leaves and bark of the North American Witch-hazel shrub (Hamamelis virginiana)…” “Native Americans produced witch hazel extract by boiling the stems of the shrub and condensing the steam to produce a distillate. Uses: Common witch hazel is used as an ornamental woodland tree or as the back of a shrub border. The beautifully fragrant flowers resemble yellow spiders on the branches as the petals are long and spindly, and this variety is the plant with the wonderful medicinal qualities that are so valued throughout the cosmetics and skin lotions world. They can grow quite tall though mine are only babies at this stage and will grow in sun or semi shade. Witch-hazel is a dazzling shrub that blooms in winter, as early as January.. Witch-hazel facts, a summary. It is hardy in zones 3 to 8. It is an important ingredient of proprietary eye drops, skin creams, ointments and skin tonics[238]. WITCH HAZEL. Witch-hazel is a multi-stemmed shrub that can grow to a height of about 16 feet (5 meters), and can tolerate shade. Witch Hazels develop nice green leaves where the crinkles of the veins look as though someone folded them perfectly across an axis. Grown from seed, it will reach a mature flowering size in six years. See More. Although the advice is that witch hazels do best in a slightly acidic soil, they don’t need fully ericaceous compost and can cope with neutral soil, as long as you add plenty of … A lovely shrub for the winter garden it also has lovely leaf colour in autumn. Commercially produced witch hazel cultivars are generally grafted or budded onto Hamamelis virginiana rootstocks. It is native in the Eastern half of the United States, and Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in Canada. Usually they are not troubled by pests or diseases. Core Characteristics. The native Witch Hazel is uniquely adapted to colonizing steep rocky slopes, where little else can find a footing, and it has done so on our slopes with abandon. Description: Witch-hazel is a small deciduous tree or shrub best known for its late fall flowers and many medicinal uses. Once your soil is … Not only is it a great medicinal plant, but it’s a beautiful addition to any winter garden. Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witch hazel) is a 6- to 10-foot shrub hardy in zones 4 to 8. A native of eastern North America, from Nova Scotia to the Carolinas and westward to Nebraska and Illinois, Virginia witch-hazel forms a large shrub or small, low-branched tree, up to 20 high and at least as wide. 2. The graceful vase-shaped structure is just a bonus, with some varieties having additional attributes of fall color or fragrance. Fragrant, Fresh Cut Flower . Watering: Let your soil dry to the touch down to about 2 inches in between waterings. A very astringent herb, it is commonly used in the West and is widely available from both herbalists and chemists[222]. Other Names: American witch-hazel, common witch-hazel, witch hazel. This interesting shrub blooms in the fall and some species bloom in the winter. The Witch Hazel likes acidic soil but grows in clay soil, as long as it's moist but well-draining. Witch Hazel 'Diane', Chinese Witch Hazel 'Diane', Hamamelis x intermedia 'New Red' Previous Next. Doing well in woodland conditions of high shade, you can also site Witch Hazels in sun and they will thrive. The bark, leaves, and twigs of the witch hazel tree contain the plant’s medicinal properties. How to grow: Witch hazel does best in full sun to light shade and adapts to most soils. Plant March-November. Watering: Let your soil dry to the touch down to about 2 inches in between waterings. Shipping Information. Prefers full sun to part shade and will tolerate most soil types. The leaf, bark, and twigs are used to make medicine. Witch hazel propagation can be difficult, and some horticultural expertise and experience is required. Generally, the Witch Hazel prefers well-drained soil and full to partial sun (4 to 6 hours of sunlight). Varieties of Witch Hazel. Its broad leaves turn a clear, bright yellow in the autumn. The Insomniac Gardener. You may see a product called witch hazel water (Hamamelis water, distilled witch hazel extract). Basic Description. Prized for its profusion of sweetly fragrant flowers and its lovely fall colors, Hamamelis x intermedia 'Diane' (Witch Hazel) is a very eye-catching winter-flowering shrub. At maturity the Persian Witch Hazel is an irresistible shade tree. The Witch Hazel likes acidic soil but grows in clay soil, as long as it's moist but well-draining. Name – Hamamelis Family – Hamamelidaceae Type – shrub. The flowers emerge in clusters that hug the stem, with yellow ribbon-like petals. Once your soil is … Cuttings are therefore unlikely to match the parent plant. Witch hazel cuttings are not easy to root or keep alive. Hardy to -13 degrees Fahrenheit. Hamamelis virginiana, known as common witch hazel, is a fall-blooming, deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to woodlands, forest margins and stream banks in eastern North America. Related species: The vernal witch hazel (Hamamelis vernalis) is similar to the common but blooms in late winter, often while the ground is still covered with snow. Our perennials are grown in a 4” quart-sized pot. Leaves are simple and alternate, about 6” long, and dark green. 2. Moist soil is preferred although average to moderate moisture will suffice. Shade Tolerant: Partial. Virginia witch-hazel also offers good fall foliage—the six-inch long, toothed, strongly-veined leaves turning attractive shades of yellow. Witch hazels tolerate a range of light levels, from full sun to heavy shade. Witch hazel bark is a traditional herb of the North American Indians who used it to heal wounds, treat tumours, eye problems etc[254]. WITCH HAZEL Bare Rooted. Common witch-hazel is a large shrub with a picturesque irregular branching habit that naturally grows along woodland edges. Topical treatments of witch hazel have been shown to be effective for treating acne. A large shrub to small tree, Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) is a stunning plant that flowers in Autumn and into Winter. Full sun to part shade. Sun/Shade: Partial shade to full shade Soil: Clay, Sand, Loam Habitat: Deciduous forests, stream banks, clearings Canadian Distribution: Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island (see map above, from VASCAN) American Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) View Plant Witch Hazel is probably most popularly known for its use in medicine historically and today, … Until the last storm it shared the space with oaks, birches and beech trees, but several of those much taller trees fell, and now the slope is almost completely dominated by Witch Hazel. Autumn may really be the beginning of the season for Hamamelis however, because their leaves turn brilliant shades of yellow, orange, red or purple before falling to reveal their unique architectural structure. Its branches with smooth gray bark are fairly open and grow in a zigzag pattern, which makes for a lovely winter appeal. It typically grows to 8-12’ tall and to 10-15’ wide over 10 years. Hardiness Zone : 3,4,5,6,7,8. The abundance of pale yellow fall flowers that accompanies the foliage comes as a wonderful late-season surprise. Applied filters: Zone 8 and Full Sun to Full Shade It typically grows 15-20’ tall with a similar spread in cultivation, but can reach 30’ tall in its native habitat. These large deciduous shrubs bloom on bare stems in late winter. Landscape Uses . In the wild, it prefers moist situations. Persian Witch Hazel will withstand dry conditions and exposure to wind once established. It is an easy plant to espalier or grow flat against a wall or house. Pruning and caring are practices that will enhance blooming and growth. Also known as Ozark witch hazel, this unique native shrub flowers from late winter into early spring, when little else is blooming in the landscape. Each flower consists of 4 golden ribbon-like, crinkled, strap-shaped petals, delicately tinged with claret-red at their bases. 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