The biodiversity of an ecosystem is important because it stabilises the whole system where life is present. Without diversity in the ecosystem species would be suscepitable biological hazards. Spell. 15 Jan. 2021. The three types of biodiversity (species, genetic, and ecosystem) help keep a healthy and sustainable ecosystem and environment for a long period of time. Added an update on declining numbers of large carnivores, Added a couple of videos about measuring environmental costs to society, Added notes about how environmental needs to be measured by our economic systems, Short notes and illustrations added on further reasons for biodiversity importance, Short examples added of how ecosystems rely on various species’ interactions and dependencies. how we use resources), but addressing core short-comings in our economic systems is a crucial political challenge. diversity within a species allows for the mixing of genes so that the organisms don't all wind up with one genotype and be subject to death with a single environmental change. The diversity of plants in the many ecosystems is the source for medicines that humans use to treat disease. Existing price signals only reflect - at best - the share of total value that relates to provisioning services like food, fuel or water and their prices may be distorted. As a simple example, the loss of a large carnivore may mean in the short term the herbivores they prey on may increase in numbers but this can also result in a deterioration of the environment as the herbivores can graze more, largely unchecked. The importance of ecosystem diversity can be explained by the fact that a lack of it led to a outbreak of Lyme disease. Why is Biodiversity Important? Why is diversity important in an ecosystem? January 29, 2020 Valentina Primo In the last episode of the #SWBSummit series, we bring the panel where Egyptian power lady Yara El Braidy sits with two Egyptian entrepreneurs experiencing diverse ecosystems in Jordan … An ecosystem will have a higher productivity rate and more robust ecological processes when more different life forms can thrive and survive. It is no secret that humans have an enormous impact on species and ecosystem diversity, yet, throughout our existence, biodiversity has faithfully provided us with enormous economic, medical and social benefits as well as many other natural services. from climate regulation) are frequently ignored. Importance of Ecosystem: It provides habitat to wild plants and animals. What is the point in preserving endangered species that have no practical use to humans, apart from their aesthetic appeal or their intellectual interest to biologists? Flashcards. This is equivalent to 7% of their combined revenues and up to a third of their combined profits. The values of other ecosystem services are generally not reflected in markets apart from a few exceptions (such as tourism). 2. And as we start destroying, reducing and isolating habitats, the chances for interaction from species with a large gene pool decreases. kodakoda2223. Why is the Ecosystem so Important? Where possible, alternative links are provided to backups or reposted versions here. Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. These words sum up why biodiversity is so important. costs that have to be borne by society from ignored factors, or social costs). Teach a man to fish; and you have fed him for a lifetime.” — Old Chinese Saying. Match. However, for similar information, you could look at Consequences of changing biodiversity, Nature 405, 234 - 242, 11 May 2000 and Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity, Nature 405, 208–211, 11 May 2000. Think of some of the effects this could have: How much would such accounting save? The maintenance of genetic diversity is important services that ecosystem provide from biodiversity. Created by. Benefits that are felt with a long-term horizon (e.g. Biodiversity is important because it boosts ecosystem productivity where each species all have an important role to play. Even these services often bypass markets where carried out as part of community management of shared resources. In addition, they cited another study that estimated that 3,000 listed companies around the world were responsible for over $2 trillion in environmental externalities (i.e. The diversity creates an interdependence between organisms in the ecosystem. So, an example of ecosystem diversity might be: The fact that in the world there are deserts, seas, ponds and forests, all of them with animals living in them. Learn. A healthy biodiversity provides a number of natural services for everyone: That is quite a lot of services we get for free! Tense postgame handshake between college coaches The fact that in the world there are deserts, seas, ponds and forests, all of them with animals living in them. While there might be survival of the fittest within a given species, each species depends on the services provided by other species to ensure survival. Add another link to more information about importance of biodiversity. These ecosystems are complex, which means they function best, and are more resilient to the effects of climate change, when all the pieces of the ecosystem are in place — meaning the biodiversity is intact. We also need to protect our water resources, protecting soil & maintaining eco-balance. In the end they agreed to let one park have its elephants culled, while the other would be left alone. Land that is used to produce unhealthy or marginally nutritious items (e.g. This is a clear case of inter-related issues: the health of the environment is strongly tried to our economic choices (i.e. The park where things were left alone has naturally regenerated; the large elephant populations eventually reduced in number as they undermined their own resource base. Markets fail to capture most ecosystem service values. It is a type of cooperation based on mutual survival and is often what a balanced ecosystem refers to. Running out of resources should therefore be averted. Martin Khor: Historical Responsibility for Climate Change Emission Reduction, Global temperature anomalies, 1880 - 2014, http://www.wwf.org.uk/core/wildlife/fs_0000000029.asp, http://web.archive.org/web/20070103012619/http://www.wwf.org.uk/core/wildlife/fs_0000000029.asp, http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=49300, https://www.globalissues.org/news/2009/11/17/3539, http://www.panos.org.uk/download.php?id=84, US$ 70 bn. Bees are more important than poultry in terms of human nutrition. A scientist pleaded with park management not to cull and let nature take its course. Values that are not overtly part of a financial equation are too often ignored. For example, commercially over-fishing a region may mean fish from that area becomes harder to catch and more expensive, possibly allowing that ecosystem time to recover (though that is not guaranteed, either). Discover the Importance of India. Although some dislike the thought of trying to put an economic value on biodiversity (some things are just priceless), there have been attempts to do so in order for people to understand the magnitude of the issue: how important the environment is to humanity and what costs and benefits there can be in doing (or not doing) something. Explanation: Ecological life support—biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. There are several important reasons for us to gain an understanding of the dynamic nature of biological diversity, particularly in terms of maintaining ecological balance. What is biodiversity? However, while commercial entities can exploit resources elsewhere, local fishermen will go out of business and the poorer will likely go hungry (as also detailed on this site’s section on biodiversity). However, it has long been argued that prices don’t truly reflect the full cost of things, so either the signal is incorrect, or comes too late. . (2006) from public companies alone, Many products derived from genetic resources (enzymes, microorganisms), Personal care, Botanical and food & Beverage industries. An estimated 40% of world trade is based on biological products or processes. It was noted earlier that ecosystems provide many services to us, for free. Being against prevailing thought, they would not agree. food sources must be diverse because of each food type and the type of food/energy received from this food. Involved in the recycling of nutrients between biotic and abiotic components. represents ‘natural’ component of the market. Why is BIODIVERSITY important? This systematic under-valuation of ecosystem services and failure to capture the values is one of the main causes underlying today’s biodiversity crisis. On a large scale for example plants have diversity to prevent them from being wiped out by a parasitic attack or something. Planting and protecting nearly 12,000 hectares of mangroves in Vietnam costs just over a million dollars but saved annual expenditures on dyke maintenance of well over seven million dollars. PLAY. Sometimes links to other sites may break beyond my control. Some cultures have recognized this kind of inter-relationship for a very long time. It therefore makes economic and development sense to move towards sustainability. The fact that within a forest, pond or sea there are countless different animals, plants, fish, birds and so on all living together. Gravity. A chain of events eventually came full circle and led to a loss of jobs: Three quarters of the world’s big carnivores are in decline. The Gulf Coast of Florida is another unique ecosystem with different characteristics. Economists talk of the price signal that is fundamental to capitalism; the ability for prices to indicate when a resource is becoming scarcer. Many people may support environmental causes to help preserve the beauty of Nature. The Pacific Northwest represents a unique ecosystem. While there are disagreements and differences on how this works, it suggests that ecological balance and biodiversity are crucial for all of earth, not just humans. Write. Biodiversity is important because it clears out our water, changes out climate, and provides us with food. This will take a little while to explain so please bear with me. This then has an impact on various local social, political and economic issues. Bookmark or share this with others using some popular social bookmarking web sites: Copy/paste the following HTML code to your page: Anup Shah, Why Is Biodiversity Important? 19 Jan. 2014. diversity is not only important but required. Biodiversity, short for biological diversity, is the term we use for the variety of animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, and other intertwined life forms within any ecosystem… “from towering redwood trees to tiny, single-cell algae that are impossible to see without a microscope.”. Researchers are finding reasons for the massive decline hard to pinpoint, but suspect a combination of various diseases, environmental pollution, environmental degradation (leading to less diversity for bees to feed from, for example) and farming practices (such as pesticides, large monoculture cropping, etc). Biodiversity is important in ecosystems because it prevents extinction of species, allows organisms to adapt to changes in the environment and provides a wide range of materials and foods for survival. Our eagle example also demonstrates another aspect of diversity. Bees provide enormous benefits for humankind as another example. The relationship between soil, plants, bacteria and other life is also referred to as the nitrogen cycle: As an example, consider all the species of animals and organisms involved in a simple field used in agriculture. Almost all cultures have their roots in our biological diversity in some way or form. A healthy ecosystem stems from rich biodiversity. Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. Other wildlife grew in numbers and the ecosystem was generally back in balance. The usual way to deal with this was to cull the population to try and keep the ecosystem in balance. Instead of regulation to change people’s habits, markets would automatically reflect these true costs; consumers can then make better informed choices about what to consume, e.g. Ecosystem diversity. Having a rich variety of ecosystems, what biologists call ecosystem diversity, constitutes another important level of biodiversity. https://greentumble.com/why-is-it-important-to-conserve-biodiversity This is mainly explained by the fact that many ecosystem services are ‘public goods’ or ‘common goods’: they are often open access in character and non-rival in their consumption. The economic benefits of protecting the environment are well-understood, even if seemingly rarely practiced: Numerous studies also show that investments in protected areas generate a cost-benefit ratio of one to 25 and even one to 100 in some cases, [Pavan Sukhdev, from TEEB] said. One of the main reasons we should continue to focus on preserving biodiversity is that it helps to boost ecosystem productivity. These efforts will ensure that bees continue to provide pollination and that our diets remain rich in the fruits and vegetables we now take for granted. Terms of Use, Privacy Policy, Cookie Policy, and Copyrights. It includes the concepts of species diversity, habitat diversity and genetic diversity. Why 'Crocodile Dundee' star, 81, came out of retirement. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity, such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing. Appropriate conservation and sustainable development strategies attempt to recognize this as being integral to any approach to preserving biodiversity. expanded side notes, shows alternative links), use the print version: Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms. The fact that within a forest, pond or sea there are countless different animals, plants, … In effect, as TEEB, and many others before have argued, a key challenge will be adapting our economic systems to integrate sustainability and human well-being as well as other environmental factors to give us truer costs (after all, market systems are supposed to work when there is full availability of information). An ecosystem can only truly thrive if all life forms in it are thriving. Ecosystem is more diverse when it contains varied landscapes, creating more space for shelter and escapes which allows the rapid growth of plants as … Who Cares? They can also overlook local public benefits … in favor of private benefits …, even when local livelihoods are at stake, or focus on short-term gains to the detriment of the sustained supply of benefits over time…. Alternatively, copy/paste the following MLA citation format for this page: Shah, Anup. 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