In 1545, a Spanish explorer called the island Nueva Guinea .In 1884, the western half of New Guinea was officially recognized as Dutch New Guinea, the northeastern section became German New Guinea, and the southeastern quarter became British New Guinea. Papua is probably derived from the Malay word papuwah ("fuzzy hair"). Papua New Guinea appears to have been settled by 14,000 BC , with migrations first of hunters and later of agriculturists probably coming from the Asian mainland by way of Indonesia.Early communities had little contact with each other because of rough terrain and so maintained their autonomy, as well as their distinct languages and customs. Quizzes . It is not part of Australia, although it was administered by Australia from after World War I until 1975. The eastern half of New Guinea belongs to the nation of Papua New Guinea, and forms the country's mainland area. Under a separate Economic Assistance Agreement (EAA) associated with the Treaty, the U.S. Government currently provides $21 million per year to Pacific Island parties. Largest sector ... Constellation that appears on the flag: Southern Cross: 63%. However, I set my events after 1768, because in 1767 Sir Philip Carteret had discovered and claimed for Britain New Ireland so 1770-75 both could've been settled in the same time. Germany. New Guinea people from left to right: Child from Pukapuki village, Sepik , Papua New Guinea / Local woman in traditional dress, Rhoku village, Western Province, Papua New Guinea / Pukapuki village local, Job, in traditional costume, with the April River, a tributary of the mighty Sepik River behind him. The following country names include the word "Guinea": Equatorial Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Papua New Guinea; Etymology Of The Term "Guinea" The exact origin of the word Guinea is disputed. Quiz by Aaron197 . If that's not enough, … Can you guess these facts about the country of Papua New Guinea? The country, including its islands, covers an area of approximately 178,704 square miles and has a … Papua New Guinea (PNG) is located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. New Guinea, island of the eastern Malay Archipelago, in the western Pacific Ocean, north of Australia. It is mainly mountainous but has low-lying plains in southern New Guinea. Country that colonized the northern half of PNG from 1884–1919: Germany: 62%. en-1. Many hotels are ready for tourists and have electrical outlets of … George Murray advocates that the island of New Britain should be settled by British. John Campbell had already suggested the same some 20 years earlier. The non-binding results, which require ratification from Papua New Guinea's parliament, could create the world's newest country. Papua New Guinea is an independent country in its own right. Papua New Guinea: Coronavirus Pandemic Country Profile Research and data: Hannah Ritchie, Esteban Ortiz-Ospina, Diana Beltekian, Edouard Mathieu, Joe Hasell, … Papua New Guinea is an Oceanian country, occupying the eastern half of the New Guinea Island. Guinea, in its turn, is etymologically derived from the Portuguese word Guiné. The Government of Papua New Guinea (GPNG) welcomes foreign investment and appears to have a liberal investment approach, but in practice this may be more complex. In 1885 Germany annexed the northern coast 'New Guinea' and Britain annexed the southern regions 'Papua'. Etymology. New Guinea" (Nueva Guinea) was the name coined by the Spanish explorer Yñigo Ortiz de Retez.In 1545, he noted the resemblance of the people to those he had earlier seen along the Guinea coast of Africa. It established its sovereignty in 1975 after 60 years of Australian administration. Rate: ... Country that colonized the northern half of PNG from 1884–1919. Identification. In this book from 1768 Hon. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? The first European visitor may have been Jorge de Meneses, who possibly landed on the island in 1526–27 while en route to the Moluccas. Papua New Guinea gained independence from Australia in 1975. It includes the eastern half of New Guinea and many small offshore islands. Quiz by Aaron197 . The Dutch and Portuguese began trading with the native Papua New Guinean people during the sixteenth century, but they did not colonise the country. New Guinea’s western half comprises the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua and its eastern half comprises the major part of Papua New Guinea, an independent country since 1975. The PNG mainland and its six hundred islands have a total land area of 452,860 square kilometres. Papua New Guinea stretches from just south of the Equator to the Torres Strait, which separates New Guinea from Cape York Peninsula to the south, the northernmost extension of Australia. Papua New Guinea is home to the worlds only poisonous bird, the Pitohui, and it lives only in Papua New Guinea; The Country have almost 600 airstrips. Mela nesia. Mainland Papua New Guinea reaches its maximum north-south expanse of some 510 miles (820 km) along its western border with Indonesian Papua. The economy of Papua New Guinea has been mostly unfree since Index grading of the country resumed in 2009. New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea, October 8, 2020 – The New Ireland Provincial Administration, Papua New Guinea’s Climate Change & Development Authority (CCDA), and the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) held a consultation with provincial stakeholders on assessing climate resilience and green growth potential of the island province. The eastern half of the island was previously occupied by the Germans, and later Australians after World War II. The British never colonized the Republic of Guinea. Papua New Guinea celebrates its 40th anniversary of independence from Australia today. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Papua New Guinea's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. Papua-New-Guinea country code, +675 country codes PG and Papua-New-Guinea phone number. Papua New Guinea is among the unique nations in the world due to the significant cultural diversity within the borders. Very few countries have never been either a colonizing power or become colonized. This new carving up of the country covered the areas coming under the State and encircled the territory with large companies, which gradually disappeared after half a century. Most people living in PNG are Melanesian, but some are Micronesian or Polynesian. Create Account. 2013 July - Papua New Guinea agrees to provide offshore processing for asylum seekers who reach Australia by boat. You can see photos of electrical sockets above this article. Can you guess these facts about the country of Papua New Guinea? Sub-region of Oceania that PNG is a part of. At the time, the government identified Papua and New Guinea as Australian territory, but Prime Minister John Curtin himself was cynical about this in private, telling journalists that New Guinea wasn’t Australia, and that calling it so was just “military strategy”. You might be thinking of Papua New Guinea, which was colonized by the British in 1883. Papua New Guinea uses the phone code +675; Type of electrical sockets in Papua New Guinea is I 240 V and 50 Hz. Germany. If you plan to travel, you can book accommodation in Papua New Guinea here. Its neighbours include Indonesia to the west, Australia to the south and Solomon Islands to the south-east. Papua New Guinea. Statistics on the JetPunk quiz Papua New Guinea Country Quiz. Seashells where once used as money and a form of currency, and today, locals still use it as money. GDP growth, powered by oil and gold exports, was interrupted in 2018 by a severe earthquake. The English "Guinea" is derived from the Portuguese word "Guiné" … Papua New Guinea is an island country that lies in the south-western Pacific. The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. " Papua New Guinea is … Firstly, Singapore was colonized by Britain for a longer period of time than Papua New Guinea. Find out how to make an international phone call to Papua-New-Guinea from the United States. ... Country that colonized the northern half of PNG from 1884–1919. Many countries celebrate Independence Day to rejoice that they are no longer under colonial rule. PNG is rich in natural resources such as gold, oil, gas, copper, silver, timber, and fisheries. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Papua New Guinea (PNG) has a population of approximately 7.7 million. Because unlike Australia and New Zealand it was first claimed by the Dutch and the Germans. Sub-region of Oceania that PNG is a part of. Papua New Guinea - Papua New Guinea - The colonial period: Malay and possibly Chinese traders took spoils and some slaves from western New Guinea for hundreds of years. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea Country Quiz. Papua New Guinea Country Quiz. The Portuguese government encouraged the export of raw materials, mainly cotton, which became a necessity. The first European attempt at colonization was made in 1793 by Lieut. Papua New Guinea - Papua New Guinea - Recovery in the 21st century: Sir Michael Somare joined the new National Alliance Party in 1997; he led it to victory in the July 2002 elections and formed a government in coalition with 20 other parties. More . Papua and New Guinea used to be separate entities, influenced and colonized over 250 years by the Sultanate of Tidore, Holland, Germany, Britain and Japan. Create. About ... Capital of Papua New Guinea: Port Moresby: 81%. 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