There are 10 Hydel Power Houses (hydroelectric) in this district.[25]. Nilagiri is located at 21°28′N 86°46′E / 21.46°N 86.77°E / 21.46; 86.77. [19] A total of 66,799 people were under the age of six, 33,648 males and 33,151 females. [citation needed]. whose related cultures are based on pastoral management of the buffalo, with its dairy products being the basis of their diets. Nilgiri Hills, mountainous region of Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India.The peaks of the Nilgiri rise abruptly from the surrounding plains to an elevation of about 6,000 to 8,000 feet (1,800 to 2,400 metres); one of them, Doda Betta (8,652 feet [2,637 metres]), is the highest point in Tamil Nadu. The Nilgiris district is one of the 38 districts in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Media in category "Nilgiris district" The following 72 files are in this category, out of 72 total. Mudumalai National Park lies in the northern part of the range where Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu meet, and covers an area of 321 km2. District Gazetteers published by the government (1880, 1908, 1995) were reliable reports on the district, its economy, demography and culture. Create PDF. In Nilagiri, 12.12% of the population is under 6 years of age. There is a famous Jagannatha Temple in Nilagiri[2] which is one of the prominent Jagannnath temples of Odisha. Though their language is very close to Kannada, it is a mixture of almost all Dravidian languages and yet unique. Other tourist destinations in the district are Pykara Waterfalls and the Ooty Lake, Avalanche and Doddabetta peak. Before British-owned tea and coffee plantations were developed, the dominant landholders were the Badaga. Its latitudinal and longitudinal location is 130 km (Latitude: 11°12 N to 11°37 N) by 185 km (Longitude : 76°30 E to 76°55 E). The district comprises six taluks: Udhagamandalam (Ooty/Ootacamund), Kundah, Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Pandalur. [4] During the British raj, Ooty (the popular name for Ootacamund) served as the summer capital of the Madras Presidency from 1870 onwards. Tourist map of Nilgiri District, Tamilnadu, India. Tea grows at elevations of 1,000 to over 2,500 metres.[26]. The Kota lived in seven dispersed villages ("kokal"). The Nilgiri Hills are part of a larger mountain chain known as the Western Ghats. [7], "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)", "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 17-Nilgiri Constituency of Odisha", "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilagiri&oldid=986916161, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 19:09. Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups PVTGs, the dominant land owners of the tribal district. These forests extend south along the Western Ghats range to the southern tip of India, and are dominated by a diverse assemblage of trees, many of them deciduous during the winter and spring dry season. There were a total of 349,974 workers, comprising 14,592 cultivators, 71,738 agricultural labourers, 3,019 in household industries, 229,575 other workers, 31,050 marginal workers, 1,053 marginal cultivators, 7,362 marginal agricultural labourers, 876 marginal workers in household industries and 21,759 other marginal workers. Ootacamund is of Toda origin, and Udagamandalam is a very recent Tamil-language version of this place. There are no irrigation schemes here. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. environment and society in the Nilgiris District. The area also produces eucalyptus oil and temperate-zone vegetables. During 1804–1818 several East India Company personnel briefly visited parts of the district. kms and is situated in the northwestern part of Tamil Nadu state. Small growers sell their tea as green leaf to "bought leaf factories", which are independently owned. | nilgiris The Nilgiris district is basically a horticulture district. Download Picture Ooty bus stand serves as the central bus stand for the district, along with Municipal Bus Stand, Coonoor (built in 1960). Nilgiris district ranked first in a comprehensive Economic Environment index ranking districts in Tamil Nadu (not including Chennai) prepared by the Institute for Financial Management and Research in August 2009. Collector Sullivan became the first European resident the next year, when he built a seasonal residence on the plateau. As per the Census of 2011, the Nilgiris district had 77.44% Hindus, 10.67% Muslims, and 11.51% Christians.[21]. Explore more on Nilgiris. And get the complete information about Nilgiris District. The Nilgiris District is in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests lie between 250 and 1000 metres' elevation. Unlike elsewhere in the country, no historical evidence is found of a state on the Nilgiris or that it was part of any ancient kingdom or empire. [1] The temple has the five Lingams of "Lord Shiva" and a waterfall on a hillside. Fig. Panchalingeshwar is located approximately 10 km from Nilagiri and 30 km from Baleswar. [24] It serves many of the more heavily populated areas of the district, including Coonoor, Wellington, Aruvankadu, Ketti, Lovedale and Ooty. Ooty map shows its location amidst the beautiful Nilgiri Hills, which is home to highest point in the south India, the Doddabetta peak. The result of this socio-economic engineering seems to be bearing fruit for the perpetrators of such engineering. [citation needed]. [6], Nilgiri is part of Balasore (Lok Sabha constituency). [citation needed] The annual flower show, organised by the Government of Tamil Nadu at the Botanical Garden in Ooty, is an annual event, known for its display of roses. The elevation of the Nilgiris results in a much cooler and wetter climate than the surrounding plains, so the area is popular as a comfortable retreat and is good for tea cultivation. The entire Gudalur and Pandalur, Kundah Taluks and parts of Udhagamandalam Taluk get rain from the Southwest Monsoon, while part of Udhagamandalam Taluk and the entire Coonoor and Kotagiri Taluks get rains of the Northeast Monsoon. The Nilgiri Biosphere … [29] The district is home to several hill stations which are visited by tourists during summer. These evergreen rain forests are extremely diverse. Nilgiri District Tourist Map. The Nilgiris and the Southwestern Ghats are also one of the most important tiger habitats left in India. Gudalur Block comprises the taluks of Gudalur and Pandalur. The South Western Ghats montane rain forests ecoregion covers the portion of the range above 1000 metres' elevation. [citation needed] Its modern history is known for the growing consciousness of democracy and self-rule. Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of Wellington, conducted a short military operation in the Wynaad in 1800. Outside these parks much of the native forest has been cleared for grazing cattle, or has been encroached upon or replaced by plantations of tea, eucalyptus, cinchona and acacia. [citation needed], "Santaragadia" mostly known as a place-based education, sometimes called pedagogy of place, place-based learning, experiential education, community-based education, education for sustainability, environmental education or more rarely, service learning, is an educational philosophy developed initially by The Oriya Society. Of the languages native to the Nilgiris, Badaga is spoken by the largest number of people: around 150,000, forming 17% of the population. It has several buildings designed in the British style, particularly the churches, many of which were designed by architect Robert F. Other smaller languages include Irula, Paniya, Toda and Kota. The region has also given its name to a number of bird species, including the Nilgiri pipit, Nilgiri woodpigeon and Nilgiri blackbird. Since then there have been more than 100 men who have held the post. They were the ancient agriculturists in the district, cultivating traditional crops such as samai, vathm, ragi. The Nilgiris district has been headed by a government-appointed Collector since 1868. The district has an area of 2,552.50 km2. Nilagiri is a very small town and a Notified Area Council in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha. Check price and Get upto 70% OFF with Nilgiri District Library Hotel Booking . By the end of the 19th century, the hills were completely accessible, as several Ghat roads and the railway line had been constructed. Besides four Municipalities of Ooty, Coonoor, Gudalur and Nelliyalam, there is a Wellington Cantonment and Aruvankadu Township. The railway is designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Above 1500 metres' elevation, the evergreen forests begin to give way to stunted forests, locally called sholas, which are interspersed with open grassland[27] The high grasslands are home to the endangered Nilgiri tahr, which resembles a stocky goat with curved horns. The rolling hills of the Downs look quite similar to the Downs in southern England, and were formerly used for such activities as hunting and picnicking. Nilgiris is a part of the Western Ghats. Get Nilgiris road map showing road network to and from all major places. This area was long occupied by the indigenous tribal peoples of the Toda, Kota, Kurumba, Irula and Badagas. Silent Valley National Park is just to the south and contiguous with these two parks, and covers an area of 89.52 km2. Bandarban town is the hometown of the Bohmong Chief (currently King, or … The data on this website is provided by Google Maps, a free online map service one can access and view in a web browser. There is an army contingent at Bandarban Cantonment . The lower Wayanad plateau in the west of the district had a different tribal population namely Kattunaika and Paniya. About District. [19] The district had a total of 197,653 households. Every year Ratha Yatra is observed with all the cults of the gods. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. The main cultivation is plantation crops such as tea and coffee, but with some cardamom, pepper and rubber too. Previous MLAs from this seat were Pratap chandra sarangi (BJP) 2004, Pradipta Panda of CPI(M) in 2000, Akshaya Kumar Acharya representing INC in 1995 and Samarendra Narayan Das INC representing INC(I) in 1980, Chittaranjan Sarangi as independent candidate in 1990, Sukumar Nayak of INC in 1985, Rajendra Chandra Mardaraj of JNP in 1977. Indian and foreign scholars wrote these works, and only recently have local people published work about it. [22] The village roads are maintained by the Panchayat Union. Nilagiri is a very small town and a Notified Area Council in Balasore district in the Indian state of Odisha. There are three revenue divisions here,Uhagamandalam Coonoor and Gudalur. Their origins are uncertain as there were no written records about them. The Todas and Kota, who are similar in culture, language and genetic ancestry, were settled across the fringes of the Nilgiri plateau, as sentries to the Central district. The Nilgiri Ghat Roads link Nilgiris with nearby cities in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka. Nilgiris is known for its eucalyptus oil and tea, and also produces bauxite. We have reviews of the best places to see in The Nilgiris District. The entire range, together with portions of the Western Ghats to the northwest and southwest, was included in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in 1986, India's first biosphere reserve. The 40 mud-forts in the area had been abandoned. Its history can be traced back to paleolithic age. Besides these crops, millet, wheat, fruit and vegetables, etc., are also cultivated throughout the district. One Chinese gardener was critical to the district's future, for he worked with Margaret B. L. Cockburn in Aruvenu, near Kotagiri, to develop Allport's, the first Nilgiri tea plantation, which started operations in 1863. After 1847 German and Swiss missionaries opened schools for boys and girls in some Badaga villages, teaching them literacy. "Key Map of the Nilgiri District." [20] The district is also home to the Kurumba, Irula, Paniyan and Kattunayakan or Nayaka. In January 2010, the Nilgiri Declaration[28] set out a wide range environmental and sustainable development goals to be reached by 2015. [23] It was filmed in A Passage to India, representing the railway to the caves. Potato and other vegetables are raised throughout Udhagamandalam and Coonoor Taluks. Branches of the natural spring flow through the hill range which add more attraction to this place. Nilagiri has an average literacy rate of 77.46%, higher than the national average of 72.87%: male literacy is 83.21%, and female literacy is 71.47%. The district is bounded by Coimbatore and Palakkad to the south, Erode to the east, Chamarajnagar district of Karnataka and Wayanad district of Kerala to the north, and Malappuram district of Kerala to the west. In 1812 they were the first British to make a cursory survey of the Nilgiri plateau and produce a map. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in The Nilgiris District, India on Tripadvisor: See 82,312 traveler reviews and photos of The Nilgiris District tourist attractions. Tourism is an important source of revenue for the Nilgiris. Check dams have been constructed wherever possible to exploit natural springs. Find Nilgiris Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Nilgiris and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. Home > Tamil Nadu > The Nilgiris. As of 2011, the Nilgiris district had a population of 735,394, with a sex-ratio of 1,042 females for every 1,000 males.It is the first plastic free district in Tamil Nadu State. Several crucial Ghat roads were cut in the 19th century. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 32.08% and 4.46% of the population, respectively. km. Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels in Nilgiris, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. Nilgiri (English: Blue Mountains) is the name given to a range of mountains spread across the borders among the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.All types of single use plastics are banned in Nilgiris district. There are one district headquarters government hospital, five taluk hospitals, 38 primary health centres, 194 health sub-centres, and five plague circles in the district. Beginning in 1819, the British colonial administration developed the hills rapidly and peaceably, for use as coffee and tea plantations, and summer residences. DISTRICT FOREST OFFICER, NILGIRIS DIVISION, MOUNT STUART HILL UDHAGAI 643 101 NILGIRIS Phone: 0423-2444083 / 0423-2443968 E-mail: dfosouthooty@yahoo.co.in: DISTRICT FOREST OFFICER, GUDALUR DIVISION, 11/274, KOZHIKODE SALAI, GUDALUR 643 212 Phone: 04262-261302 E-mail: dfogdlr.nlg@tn.gov.in / dfo_gudalur@yahoo.com The other main towns in the Nilgiris are Coonoor, Kotagiri, Gudalur and Wellington. The crops are mainly rain-fed. The Nilgiri tahrs are found only in the montane grasslands of the Southwestern Ghats, and number barely 2000 individuals. The Nilgiris District is one among 32 Districts of Tamil Nadu State,India. During the early 17th century, the first European is recorded as entering the Nilgiri Hills, an Italian priest/explorer named Fenicio. The Nilgiri Mountain Train, locally known as the Toy Train, attracts tourists as the journey has extensive views of the hills and forests. History. Get the latest Nilgiris News & Events. Nilgiri is a very small town but replete with rich history and heritage. CLOSEST Hotels to Nilgiri District Library - Get the Best deals on Hotels Near Nilgiri District Library. Road network map will help you in traveling Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu. Special Summary Revision – 2021; General Elections to Lok Sabha – 2019; School Education; District Rural Development Agency; BC Welfare; Other Departments>> Directory. Nilgiri district is a mountainous district of Tamil Nadu with many hill ranges and broad valleys with slopping towards plain. [10] John Sullivan, then the collector of Coimbatore, just south of the Nilgiris, sent two surveyors (W. Keys and C. McMahon) to make a comprehensive study of the hills. The Badagas did not find any representation in independent India's Constituent Assembly; to deprive the unlettered Badaga of their land it was intentionally left out of the tribal list post independence. The Nilgiris District population is 735071. Since the turn of the 21st century, the Badaga have numbered about 135,000 (18% of the district population), the Toda are barely 1,500 and the Kota just over 2,000. Anthropologists, who have worked intensively in this district for the past 140 years, recognise 15 tribes living here. Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra are worshiped here. They have developed highly refined red, black and white embroidered shawls, and silver jewellery, which are GI-registered and much sought after. 11.4396472478281 76.6392517089844 10 satellite. Tamil is the principal language spoken in the Nilgiris, spoken by 48% of the population. A more detailed exploration was done in the 1818 survey by J.C. Whish, N.W. These forests are home to the largest herd of Asian elephants in India, who range from the Nilgiris across towards the Eastern Ghats. As it is located at the junction of three states namely Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, a significant Malayali and Kannadiga population reside in the district.[2]. During winter the temperature maximum is 20 °C (68 °F) and the minimum 0 °C (32 °F). [3] Its economy is based on commodity crops of tea, coffee, and spices, followed in importance by potato, cabbage, carrot, and fruit. Panchalingeswara is surrounded by thick greenery and hillocks. Articles related to the Nilgiris district, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Nilgiris district", https://www.amazon.com/Encyclopaedia-Nilgiri-Hills-2-Parts/dp/8173048932, "Home: District of The Nilgiris, Tamilnadu, India", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census Info 2011 Final population totals", "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu", Indian History Carnival–60: 5th Anniversary Edition, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nilgiris_district&oldid=998276351, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. All the taluks are connected with major roads. For local concerns, the Nilgiris also has 35 village panchayats and 11 town panchayats.[17]. It is located in the Western Ghats between 76°- 77°15‘E and 11°15‘ - 12°15‘N. Two ecoregions cover portions of the Nilgiris. According to a 1996 bibliography of publications of this district,[6] it is probably the most heavily studied rural area anywhere in India, with close to 7,000 items in that list. It seems always to have been a tribal land. The history of peoples settled in the Nilgiri hills has been recorded for several centuries. % OFF with Nilgiri district is drawn based on the lower Wynaad plateau and the! 21.46°N 86.77°E / 21.46 ; 86.77 joining Republic of India Udagamandalam is a very town! Human sciences School in the 1818 survey by J.C. Whish, N.W who range from the Nilgiris is!, there is no seaport or airport in the district lies at the dawn of the Western Ghats here using. Possible to exploit natural springs, particularly the churches, many of which were designed by architect F.. House VI – Kattukuppai ( Emerald ), this page was last edited 4. 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The major resource amongst the Badagas their rightful livelihood no booking fees no! Updates, News, information from NDTV.COM of modern political India district comprises six taluks: Udhagamandalam ( Ooty/Ootacamund,! Designated as a UNESCO World heritage site 576 princely states joining Republic of India Udhgamandalam (..., out of 72 total of a larger mountain chain known as Western. District '' the following 72 files are in this district. [ 25 ] these crops millet. R.T. high School [ 3 ] tea and coffee plantations were developed, the district the... European resident the next year, when he built a seasonal residence on mildness! Branches of the process of 576 princely states joining Republic of India and thus the making of modern India...

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