Consumptive use value 6. Biodiversity conservation serves as an insurance policy for the future. It includes all living things, not just the plants and animals that are common or easily seen. Economic Value 5. The term biodiversity was coined as a contraction of biological diversity by E.O. The term "biodiversity" literally indicates the diverse biological species within an ecosystem. This article gives an overview of biodiversity, their types, threats and conservation measures. Locals may also raise cattle in order to survive. Biodiversity is the part of nature which includes the difference in genes among the individuals of a species, the variety and richness of all the plant and animal species at different scales in space, locally in a region, in the country and the world and various types of … BIODIVERSITY - DEFINITION The number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that exist in an ecosystem is known as biodiversity It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems The richness of biodiversity depends on the climatic conditions and area of the region ' Biodiversity is the result of 3.5 billion years of evolution 2 The loss of biodiversity also causes a decline in the livelihood of many locals. Biodiversity loss, also called loss of biodiversity, a decrease in biodiversity within a species, an ecosystem, a given geographic area, or Earth as a whole. Environmental Value 2. While many farmers maintain above-ground biodiversity for a variety of The Definitive Guide to Diversity Types in the Workplace in 2020 [updated October 2020] This is the ultimate guide to Diversity Types in the Workplace in 2020.The same guide can be applied to the society, community about all aspects of diversity.The guide I will cover: Biodiversity is the collection of flora and fauna of a place. International day for biodiversity Through the diverse animal and plant species, the nature shows us different colors of life. Organisms do exist in those places, but not as many as places with higher biodiversity. In other words, biodiversity is the occurrence of different types of ecosystems, different species of organisms with the whole […] Download the Biodiversity notes PDF … Genetic diversity. of some types of soil biodiversity may be relatively easily evaluated, for example the gain in nitrogen from introducing N-fixing bacteria, but others are less easily specified, for example the improvements to structure resulting from the introduction of earthworms. Biodiversity is a significant and desirable variation in plant and animal existence on the surface of the earth. The biodiversity of the living things 1. Biodiversity is how many different types of organisms live in an area. | PowerPoint PPT … Unit 9. 2) Multiple trophic levels are common to ecosystems but have been understudied in biodiversity/ecosystem functioning research. For example, plant and animal species need each other for food, and depend on the environment for water and shelter. Ethical and Moral Value 8. An invasive species is a species that is not native to a particular area, but arrives (usually with human help), establishes a population, and spreads on its own. 4.4 biodiversity at global, national and local levels 88 4.5 india as a mega diversity nation 89 4.6 hotspots of biodiversity 90 4.7 threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts 91 4.8 endangered and endemic species of india 94 4.8.1 … Every organism in an ecosystem, or biome, relies on other organisms and the physical environment. It is mainly caused by industrialization, population, and urbanization. A decrease in plant production. 1. ... understanding how the loss of biodiversity affects the functioning of ecosystems and thus affects society. They contribute directly to human well-being and development priorities. Things exist in different forms which creates diversity. Today the earth is facing a loss of biodiversity at rapid rates. Loss of Biodiversity. Types of conservation. Within both natural and modified habitats, there may be critical habitats that are required for the survival of critically endangered or endangered species or for endemic or restricted-range species and migratory species. Both types of habitat can support important biodiversity at all levels, including endemic or threatened species. Dominance Indices: Dominance indices are weighted toward the abundance of the commonest species. As all the organisms […] Biodiversity is of three types: 1. As the world celebrates the International day for biodiversity, here is a look upon the concept of biodiversity, its types, importance, uses, threats to biodiversity and the 2011 theme of forest biodiversity. The two types are: (1) Dominance Indices, and (2) Information-Statistic Indices. However, if a loss in biodiversity leads to a decrease in biomass of feed, farmers will no longer be able to raise enough cattle due to the feed shortage. It includes species that are not well known, such as microorganisms or invertebrates. UNIT 9: THEBIODIVERSITY OF THELIVING THINGS 2. ADVERTISEMENTS: Brief outlines of the two types of diversity indices of biodiversity are discussed in this article. Biodiversity Hotspot is a region which is a prime location for the existence of rich biodiversity but also faces the threat of destruction. Examples of places with high biodiversity include rainforests and coral reefs, because they have many different species in an area. The types of soil found in … Biodiversity is a key measure of the health of any ecosystem, and of our entire planet. Biodiversity may be defined as the variety and variability of living organisms and the ecological complexes in which they exist. Equally, pollution means the presence of undesirable materials in the natural environment or the state of the natural environment being contaminated with potentially harmful substances as an outcome of human activities. Conserving biodiversity outside the areas where they naturally occur is known as ex situ conservation. Biodiversity, though, goes beyond simply a literal list of species; it also encompasses the interactions between the species, how they survive, what they do, and the living conditions in which they exist. Threats to Biodiversity: Invasive Species. A widely used dominance index is Simpson’s diversity index. Wilson in 1985. Social Value 3. Biodiversity is at the centre of many economic activities, particularly those related to crop and livestock agriculture, forestry, and fisheries. Here, animals and plants are reared or cultivated in areas like zoological or botanical parks. The Convention's approach to biodiversity The key objectives of the Convention, as set out in Article 1, and outlined in chapter 2 below, are simple in summary but in practice all-encompassing: the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from use of genetic resources. Less biodiverse areas include deserts, icy areas, and the bottom of the ocean. BIODIVERSITY AND ADAPTION Biodiversity is the great variety of different forms of life or species that form the biosphere. ... image: slideshare.net. Adverse Impacts of Loss of Biodiversity. Invasive species are the second largest threat to biodiversity after habitat loss. Biodiversity and Conservation for Higher Secondary School Biology - Biodiversity and Conservation is a very important chapter in Biology for 12th standard students of CBSE Board in India. Biological diversity (or biodiversity) is the variety of life on Earth. 1) Further resolution of the relationships among taxonomic diversity, functional diversity, and community structure is important for identifying mechanisms of biodiversity effects. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the major values of biodiversity are as follows: 1. Recent declines in honeybee populations may Essay on Biodiversity: Types, Importance and Conclusion – Essay 2 (250 Words) Introduction: Diversity is the hallmark of nature. Biodiversity is the way, so don't let nature go astray. The loss of populations, species, or groups of species from an ecosystem can upset its normal function and disrupt these ecological services. It is the basis of agricultural activities, livestock, forestry, and fishing, and also for the strategic biotechnology industry. Today, 31% gymnosperms,32%amphibians,12% bird species and 23% of mammals face the threat of loss of biodiversity. Aesthetic Value. Table: 1.1 Forest areas by types (1999-2000) (000 ha) Forest types Total area Percentage Coniferous 1930 40.92 Irrigated 259 5.49 Riverain 332 7.03 Scrub 1639 34.75 Coastal 512 10.86 Mazri land 24 0.51 Linear plantation 21 0.44 Total 4717 100,00 Source: Forestry Statistics of Pakistan (2004) Types of Biodiversity. Productive Use Value 7. Biodiversity and ecosystems feature prominently across many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets. They transform or evolve into different organisms or species over millions of years. These include drinkable water, clean air, and fertile soils. So, too, do 7 billion people. The Ecology, Biodiversity, and Conservation series presents balanced, comprehensive, up-to-date, and critical reviews of selected topics within the sciences of ecology and conservation biology, both botanical and zoological, and both 'pure' and 'applied'. Biodiversity is one of the fundamental properties of nature and source of immense potential for economic use. LIKE, SHARE & SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS. In this video, I am talking about what is Biodiversity and it's types or levels. 3. Biodiversity is a community of all the living organisms on the earth and the diversity among them from all the ecosystems. 8 Various Types of Environmental Pollution Pollution is the introduction of damaging or poisonous materials into the natural environment. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. It takes into account […] Ecological diversity. Species diversity. 1. Biodiversity Agreements. Ex situ conservation. Approximately 9 million types of plants, animals, protists and fungi inhabit the Earth. Ecosystem Services 4. Ecological Concepts, Principles and Application to Conservation. Biodiversity also supplies indirect services to humans which are often taken for granted. This can be due to reduced crop yields or other effects. 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