solutions of deforestation in pakistan

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Wood is used by industry for various purposes as furniture making, paper, and buildings construction. As a consequence to deforestation and changing land use patterns, the most critically affected ecosystems of Pakistan are: On the other hand, more and more trees should be planted along the road sides. Tree cover loss data for Pakistan "Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. The official Ramsar convention website states that peat lands are kind of wetland areas with a naturally accumulated layer of dead organic material such as moss which help with natural forest growth. Other provinces of Pakistan should also follow ‘Tree tsunami’ concept as KPK government announced to plant one billion trees by the end of 2017. “Each of Pakistan’s five provinces has its own forest law, intended to regulate forest conservation and timber harvesting according to local needs,” told Mohammad Saleem Deputy Director Media & Communications at the Ministry of climate change “But these are routinely ignored - often with the connivance of local politicians, some of whom encourage their constituents to cut down forest, sell the wood, and turn the land into profitable plots for farming or construction.”. Besides, they can easily survive because livestock doesn’t feed on them. At that time I decided to step in to preach about Mother Nature and trees. Green business concerns re-use and recycling. These chemical ridden insecticides etc have the ability to annihilate natural insect predators like lady bird and fireflies. In 1996, I became member of Asif Ali Zardari environmental committee, I was asked to monitor forestation of Pakistan. You have to work all day and in return spend the money wisely” Raja told, “If I use cylinder, it would cost me a lot so wood is the best source (of energy).”. Deforestation rate in Pakistan, estimated at 0.2 per cent to 0.5 percent annually, is the highest in the world, which accounts for a 4-6 percent decline in its wood biomass per annum. Deforestation is a serious problem for every country these days. “The rising global temperatures are drying up water bodies, displacing communities, and increasing the desertification of fertile lands,” said Umar Saeed, an environmental activist and founder of Mohammad Ali Saeed Foundation. With the PM led government being engulfed in the recent Panama Paper crisis, this initiative has been shoved aside as Inspector General Forests Syed Mahmood Nasir said, “Nothing concrete has been started yet. Pakistan is facing problem of deforestation. And which trees were planted? Question: What are the consequences of planting non-indigenous trees? ... Pakistan receives solar radiation with great intensity about 20MJ. Otherwise our basic necessities, our economy and our very existence could be in danger”, added Saeed. Pollen allergy is on the prowl due to male paper mulberry plants in Islamabad. In Pakistan, another cause for deforestation is timber mafia. What are your views on that? “Timber mafia is a well-known racket, billions of rupees (are) involved (and) the forest department is an important party to it. Dengue and malaria has infected the population. July 18, 2017. After coming into power in KPK and taking the role of opposition in the centre, Imran Khan announced “billion tree tsunami” campaign to combat climate change. Mangroves- In the process of rehabilitation. Usually, the poor forest soil which assists to produce a layer of rich material, may be that type of land is productive only for a few years but finally, it will be lost and require fertilization and nutrients. We can try to replicate such kind of model here in Pakistan with desired amendments. This paper assesses the present forest wood consumption rate by 6000 brick kilns established in the country and its implications in terms of deforestation and emission of greenhouse gases. Moreover, we must replace flower pots with hedges, trees and shrubs as the stagnant water in pots becomes a breeding place for mosquitos. Instead of having a natural system of moisture as recycling forests provide, water goes to livestock production and food, removing it from the natural cycle of life. Deforestation is caused by various anthropogenic factors, forest fire and fragmentation of large contiguous forests. Fearing its presence humans will decimate it”, said Dr. Ejaz. According to the Ministry of Climate change (MoCC), ‘+’ stands for additional activities as a result of the plan such as enhancing carbon storage and biodiversity conservation. The ICUN has tackled over 100,000 hectares of degraded mangrove areas in collaboration with the government and non-governmental organizations and coastal communities on the Sindh and Balochistan coast. Qureshi lamented the rapid deforestation of mangroves, “Mangroves forests are surviving but will not thrive for a longer period.”. Environment of Islamabad is not favorable to the growth of bearing good quality palm trees. Deforestation In Pakistan. Pakistan lost 14.7% of its forest habitat between 1990 and 2005 interval. Question: When was the first drive to increase the forest cover for the Islamabad? March 18, 2018. When the tree plantation season started, we had grey bearded foresters to guide us in understanding the flora and fauna of the forest, and for months, we used to spend our time there. The secretariat of the convention on biological diversity states that forests play a pivotal role in the hydrological cycle which influences how water is routed and stored in a watershed. Solutions.• Pakistan 3. Question: Any message you’d like to give? Pakistan Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 2.2% or about 1,687,000 ha of Pakistan is forested, according to FAO. A Future Destroyed For A Bottle Of Honey! I’m German born post-WWII generation when our hometown was bombarded our school friends were killed and we children would sit around the ruins. Poplar trees are used for producing matches and are farmed as they need more water than is available in the jungles. Typically, deforestation is clearing a lot of trees without the intention of establishing future growth. This has led to severe consequences desertification , flooding and endangering of wildlife . Many forests rely on groundwater for survival, and depend on wetlands to support their growth. It was also our classroom during the warmer season, as schools were turned into hospitals. We are already having a terrible water crises where people don’t even have water to drink. A few years ago, WWF monitored a leopard’s movement through a collar and observed that it took the route of Galliyat to Abbottabad and travelled for 8-9 days before coming back to Galliyat. Deforestation is one of the environmental problems that Pakistan and all over the world is confronting, and this is getting worse as the population and economy of the country are expanding. “The fear of government control over their lands was wiped out when we educated farmers to grow trees which would produce fruit that they could sell.”, told Nasir. In hot summer days, people especially labors seek refuge in the shade of trees to avoid scorching sun. They are an asset for the ecosystem as they serve in water filtration, storm protection, flood control and recreation as stated in WWF website. The next phase is National REDD+ strategy and its implementation framework, followed by raising awareness. This campaign may be more fruitful if awareness spread among the students of schools, colleges, and universities. Disputes, pollution, deforestation — what it’s like to live near CPEC project in Pakistan China insists that BRI projects, of which CPEC is the centerpiece, are strictly vetted for environmental impacts and meant to benefit the locals. Ahmed said. “I know the beauty of these mountains are trees but life here is not as easy as tourists admire. National forest policy of 2016 envisioned farm forestry as a solution to the deforestation. Temperature would also rise up to 2-3°C above average temperatures. Due to settlements, whole area and its natural environment vanished completely. The untethered cutting of trees has not only unleashed the curse of heat waves which took the toll of around 1200 human lives last year but also accelerated the floods that alone cost $16 billion to economy and claimed 3072 lives according to Pakistan Economic Survey. Humans follow the food chain as secondary consumers so they indirectly consume pesticides too which militates against their health. Harvesting, forest fires, and insect infestations do not count as deforestation because the affected areas will eventually grow back. Sensing the dire need to conserve the forest cover and playing politics to score high on his national achievement card, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif announced the “Green Pakistan Programme”. Deforestation occurs when a land dominated by naturally occurring trees is converted to provide certain services in response to the human demand. Thereafter, farmers later called me and said I was not needed there anymore. When compared to deforestation efforts, a plantation … Following are some of the main causes of this large scale deforestation in Pakistan. Deforestation increases the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as plants filter the carbon dioxide gases out from the air and release oxygen. The report recommends widening the green spaces by planting trees in cities on an emergency basis. Support the creation of plantation forests. “Due to shrinkage of its route from 40km to 25km the food base of leopard will also suffer. The area under forests in Pakistan is only 4.5% and many agricultural scientists stated that it should be almost 25-30% of total area of any country. Cutting number of plants have a lot of unfavorable consequences which can bring more droughts in Pakistan and after that, there would be no plants to protect the ozone layers. Your email address will not be published. The Federal Ministry of Climate Change, in collaboration with WWF Pakistan secured the $3.8 million REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) project developed by UN-REDD despite competition from other countries for this program. However, United Nations Food and Agriculture organization (FAO)’s state of forest report documents a mammoth increase to 41000 hectares deforestation rate per year in Pakistan. Rainforest depletion in Pakistan • In 1990’s 4% of the total area of Pakistan was woody and then it reduce to 2.2% by 2010. According to Mahmood, every province needs to make their own wetland management authority to begin work in this sector as it is not in federal domain and is extremely beneficial for the forestry sector. “Deforestation is a grave issue. According to the old record of Sindh Forest Department in Indus Delta, the mangroves covered over 600,000 hectares before the construction of Sukkur barrage in 1932-33 while today only 225,000 hectares of mangroves are left out of which 37% are dense forests and the rest are sparse vegetation. If the disaster in forestry could not be stopped immediately, future fatalities will be occurred for unresolved ends. This route is called its home range where it feels safe and knows its surroundings. The run for profitability on the grounds of deforestation is leading the world towards devastation and desolation. Effect.4. Burn and slash techniques are habitually used to clear the rainforest land, nutrients locked up in vegetation to release when the trees are cut down and then the area is burned. Thus, affecting not only the ecology but also the local economy. Particularly, it’s the focus on re-using items, reducing the use of artificial items, and recycling more items. Malik Amin Aslam Khan, environment adviser to PTI and mastermind behind this campaign, told “Billion Tree Tsunami” project was registered under the Global “Bonn Challenge” on afforestation - which is a global voluntary initiative of countries opting to increase forestry under the umbrella of the UN convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). In Holland, whenever mating season of frogs approach a particular road is blocked for some time by authorities. This diversity according to Pakistan Forests Institute (PFI) ranges from 2000-3000 meters long consisting of thousand year old juniper trees in Suleiman range to Alpine pastures in the Deosai plains. So every strategy we come up with it has to be in respect to a particular specie. In most cases, deforestation focuses only on short-term gains and ignore the long-term consequences and problems. The irony of our country is that capital is rapidly planting palm trees. Moreover, this model is based on the “Great green wall programme” of China in which Chinese government aimed to combat desertification by planting 100 billion trees along the northern part of China’s Gobi desert. Question: There is mushroom growth of housing societies in Islamabad. It was therefore surprising for me to find that in underdeveloped country children did not knew the nomenclature of trees, nor could they identify local herbs. “These plantations will certainly benefit local communities as mangroves are the important source of livelihood for them”, says Asif Ali Sandeelo, Senior Communication Officer at WWF-Pakistan Karachi. Question: Did you ever serve in government for forestry? According Bisma Raja another resident of Murree, hailing from village karore, wood is the best alternative to gas, because working in the fields  for a whole day and earning meager income doesn’t allow her family to substitute gas for wood. Annual deforestation rate is 1.68% in the country which is the highest deforestation rate in Asia. However, with fast diminishing forest cover, CO2 is accumulated in the environment but not utilized which is warming the globe. Major reason for it is unchecked use of timber resources due to the population pressures.” Salam said, “Rapid urbanization has stripped urban areas of their green cover to clear land for settling the new arrivals.”. I contacted Malik Riaz to inform him about this wrong decision of planting palm trees but he didn’t listen. Certain soils are not appropriate for agriculture, such as the nutrient-deficient soils of rainforests as well as acidic soils. The focus has to be the indigenous plants, like ever green popple tree and neem, that are really good for skin and their seeds are the best pesticide as well fertilizer in the world. “This model is providing conservation driven economic respite in a province otherwise stricken by terrorism and conflict.” Malik said. What I found out was horrendous, broken roads, no greenery and all the lovely forest gone. Recently, on the occasion of Earth Day, WWF-Pakistan collaborated with DHA Karachi to plant a total of 10,000 mangrove saplings. Here are a few solutions that can help save our planet from the harmful effects of deforestation. With more water conserved, the plant absorbs more CO2, and less greenhouse effect is expected. According to Dr Baig, mangroves are the marine nurseries where fish, shrimp and crabs spawn and because they are in the inter-tidal zone, then these are washed into deeper sea to nurture marine life. Our foresters did thoughtless aerial seeding of Paper Mulberry to green up the Capital afterwards Capital development Authority (CDA) started planting Bottle brush trees, the worst plant for pollen allergies. - by Sami Khan - 3 Comments. InamUllah Khan who is REDD+ Programme Coordinator of Pakistan told, “For the strategies we make it important to remember that every species of plants has a different capacity for carbon storage. Pakistan's Newspaper on Science, Technology, Engineering, Innovation. According to Environment protection agency, over the years, industrialization has caused massive emission of carbon dioxide and other gases into the air. “Our outreach would be to a diverse set of stakeholders including students, academia, local communities and policy makers so it will be a mix of all segments of our society”. The intervention of motorway in the home range has shortened the wild cat’s habitat. Deforestation statistics for Pakistan. Pakistan’s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan. Vegetation models predict that trees water use efficiency (WUE) doubles as the amount of carbon dioxide doubles. Take Action for a Deforestation-Free Future. Take a closer look at deforestation here. This tree laden plateau with rich biodiversity and temperate temperature attracted General Ayub Khan to this place. General Public totally fail to enhance the forest areas in the cities of Pakistan. Government initiated the plantation drive without any background information about plant’s species and their compatibility with the envionment. Farm forestry has served as a very important way of afforestation in Pakistan. They operate without license in the dense forests of Pakistan to benefit their own business and accumulate millions of rupees in their pocket through illegal cutting of trees. Question: What was the reason for planting these non-indigenous plants? It means we have drastically changed our environment so much so that another specie can’t live in it.” , lamented Dr Rahman. Forests play a vivacious role in the economic development of any country by attracting tourists, improving GDP as well as foreign exchange earnings. Remove everything which is exotic. 0 Comments. This consequently plays a role in the preservation of wetlands, which act as natural reservoirs and are extremely rich in terms of both biodiversity and the environmental services that they provide. Other than hydro-power stations, solar energy would also serve the alternate purpose of providing fuel. According to news reports, it is shadowy network of politically well-connected individuals and firms that chop the trees, bribe forest department officials and locals to look other way while they transport wood in the darkness of night. With one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world, Pakistan’s forests are in urgent need of protection and conservation. Afia salam, environment based journalist told Pakistan has highest rate of urbanization as well as deforestation in South Asia and both of these factors serve as double edged sword for harming the healthy environment. Question: What should be done to curb this problem? Agricultural, industrial activities, logging, fire, tourism development and mining are other reasons of deforestation. We also use native wood to build roof of our buildings, which would otherwise be very costly if we buy it from market.”d. Hence, we must stop wasting drinking water on plants. In 1993, the consumption of wood was 29.5 million cubic meters whereas in the year 2018 it is projected to go up by 52.6 million cubic meters. Question: When was the first time you realized there is a need to come forward and work for the nature and environment of Pakistan? Another reason for planting eucalyptus was that British planned to plant trees along a new railway line from Karachi to Khyber by engaging German foresters. National forest policy of 2016 envisioned farm forestry as a solution to the deforestation. It’s mean that cutting huge numbers of plants have a direct impact on the environment which is directly contributing to the global warming. Green methods of production and utilization of resources can immeasurably reduce deforestation. Reduce your consumption of single-use products. “Uncontrolled urban sprawl due to urbanization is causing horizontal expansion of cities at the cost of agricultural land, orchards and forests,” said Dr. Malik Asghar Naeem head of department of urban planning at National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), “Mushroom growth of unplanned housing schemes in most of the cities are eating away our forests that may lead to the issue of food insecurity in near future.”. In December 2012, the country received Targeted Support funds to develop a REDD+ Readiness Roadmap, to complement work being done by the Office of the Inspector General of Forests”, said Ben Vickers, Regional Programme Officer (UN-REDD), “However, official work on the plan in the country began in June 2015”. News reports document massive cutting of trees in Islamabad during the execution of metro bus project and expansion of Islamabad highway. “Pakistan joined the UN-REDD Programme in 2011. The new ideology spells out that forest is our essential life support system.”, told Tariq. Apart from that, pine trees were planted near Jinnah avenue in Islamabad but they’ve dried up. Trees play a vital role in protecting our environment in several ways so we should protect the forest: The best way to stop deforestation is replanting. Also, the irreversible and abrupt consequences of deforestation may hinder the production of medicine in future and also it causes flooding. Communities need to carefully consider the benefits and costs those who want to clear forest land for the agricultural or another purpose. Subtropical pine forests grow all over Margalla hills in the Capital and occupy substantial land in Murree while Mangrove forests are present near Indus delta and coastal areas of Sindh having for long garnered the attention and attraction of many researchers. Deforestation: The human and economic costs, Environmentalist Helga Catrina Ahmad explains how the invasive alien species of plants are causing environmental harm to. They don’t even produce dates or provide enough shade. He counted scarcity of fresh water, marine pollution, industrialization and urbanization in coastal areas as factors depriving coastal areas from mangrove trees. Green Solutions for Pakistan. During 1958 to 1968, Ayub Khan’s main emphasis was the on green Pakistan that means plantation of quick growing trees, prioritizing Eucalyptus. “The absence of mangroves have lowered the guards against the global warming and climate change which are adversely impacting Pakistan.” told Dr Baig. It includes acquiring technical devices and establishing a feedback mechanism for local communities. Thick mangroves are a part of ecological feature of coastlines in Pakistan, which are now facing multiple threats to its existence despite having innumerous beneficial qualities especially protecting coast from sea intrusion. If you’ve suffered through the winter smog in Lahore and other big cities, you would … Deforestation: Consequences & Solutions. We human beings should conserve the forest not only for the moral reasons but also for the selfish reasons. Principally, a rural community mainly depends on the forests to access water, medicine, fuel as well as for food items. “Developmental plans need proper environment consideration. Dr. Baig, suggests that wetlands should start being used for afforestation because a large land area where a jungle could be grown is not available so easily. Share: Share. How they can serve trees and in reciprocity the trees will serve them. I had visited Swat back in 1964 it was just like heaven for me. According to Saleem, timber mafia has already devoured vast tracts of forests in Pakistan and constitutes biggest threat to the existing forest resources. They are built at the cost of cutting trees and vegetation. Domestic energy needs combined with poverty serves as a powerful motivation and factor to cut the forests to satisfy local needs. Right at the end where the river starts, forests were coming down the valley, springs gushing around rolling over the rocks and stones in between wild grass and flowers the environment full of fragrances, giving a soothing effect. According to the Ministry of Climate Change, even though 10 million trees were planted in Sindh in 2015, the figure was not large enough to prevent heat waves in Karachi. Editorial. We cried and prayed at that time so our elders decided that we should get involve in collecting herbs, seeds, nuts and mushrooms etc. Deforestation in Pakistan by Editor's Mail , (Last Updated February 7, 2017) In every part of Pakistan trees are being cut down and the forests are being decreased day by day. Apart from the degradation of human lives, deforestation is affecting animals and insects, which are displaced from their natural habitats to find alternative ones. “Lower middle class cannot afford cylinder which costs around Rs 1400. 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