growing oats for hay

Export markets demand bright green, dry hay. Some producers plant a mixture of oats … Anderson calls oats “one of our most under-used fall forages.” He favors it because it grows fast, thrives under cool fall conditions, has good feed value, and can produce over 2 tons of hay … The Legacy. For hay, cut oats soon after plants begin to dry out following a killing freeze, or cut earlier if plants reach a desirable growth stage. Certain precautions should be taken to store oats away from rodents, and … Oats can also be baled for hay when it's between the boot and early-heading stage.” Rain over 12mm on cut hay may drastically downgrade it compared to hay left standing for an extra two weeks. Eight tips for growing perfect oats. If you have good soil moisture, give fall oats a try. Plain old dull oats. ), The National Academies Press: Agriculture. Bruce Anderson Nebraska Extension Forage Specialist. In some years oaten hay for export or domestic purposes can be can be more profitable than grain. Oats might be the answer, suggests University of Nebraska Extension forage specialist Bruce Anderson. Walk into the crop and check a number of areas of the paddock. Some parts of this site work best with JavaScript enabled. The best rotational crops include canola, hay, soybeans and other legumes. Hay — Oat should be cut for hay at early heading to maximize yield and quality. In recent years, as market demands and cropping systems have changed, oats are more often being harvested as hay or silage for livestock. Growers should check exporters' specific requirements if they are interested in this market. He sold the red clover – that subsequently grew after oat harvest – for hay in the fall. Oats seeded on August 1st would typically be ready to harvest in early-October. Spread out a tarp or sheet and then either stomp the oats loose from the stalks (cover the oats first before tromping all over them) or use some other implement, like a plastic baseball bat, to thresh the oats from the stalks (chaff). Store the oats in a warm, dry area while curing them. In winter oat growing areas, oats are integrated into pasture-silage systems. Shifts toward earlier plantings of oats have been shown to have significant benefits on oat grain and hay yields. If you have good soil moisture, give fall oats a try. Oats and peas can be planted as a nurse crop for alfalfa or other hay seedings, or grown alone. When monitoring hay crops to determine when to cut: Some hay varieties (such as Winteroo) maintain a green plant colour throughout the milky dough stage. In this area we explore using oats to produce high quality export hay. This oat hay produces a high protein feed suitable for cattle, horses and sheep. IT’S RAINING HAY! Some of your best forage growth may still … Fall grown oats have great potential, but results can be highly variable from year to year, and two weather-related factors appear to be critical for maximizing yields. Oats sown at a rate of 1 to 1½ bushels (32-48 lbs.) Soybeans can be harvested as a hay or silage crop. Could you use some extra pasture or hay in late September and October? they’ve now become a high-quality and very productive forage crop! Some of your best forage growth may still be ahead of you. Oat can be planted in late winter through early spring for use as forage or hay and offer some help for increasing a short forage supply. Or, oats planted under irrigation can be cut for hay early enough to permit double cropping to soybeans or a summer annual forage crop or even to corn for silage. Oats may be one of our most under-used fall forages. These varieties needs to monitored to ensure they are cut at the right time to optimise quality. These include earlier cutting times, green hay colour, low moisture content, freedom from weeds and thin-strawed varieties. However, summer seeded oats tend to mature more slowly as days shorten in the fall, so may require an additional 10 days or so. There are specific requirements for hay for the export market that are different to usual on-farm requirements. Oats might be your answer. To reduce disease pressure and optimize yields, oats should not be grown after cereals. The addition of peas to oats or other small grains including barley or triticale grown for forage does not necessarily improve yield, although it can increase yields from 0-0.5 tons dry matter per acre. Many farmers rely on oats to fatten livestock during the period from autumn to early spring. This has seen growers cut too late late and deliver poor quality hay. Cutting at this stage will deliver the best compromise between yield and quality. Also, don't suddenly turn livestock out on oat pasture if they have been grazing short or dry pastures. Take the top floret and squeeze between the tops of your fingers. Check the crop every two days and then daily as development gets closer. The resultant scouring is normal when stock are grazing on highly digestible, high-moisture, green feed. Some oat varieties do not meet the exporters standard and therefore will not be accepted for delivery. In addition to being a favored spring-planted companion or cover crop for forage seedings, they have historically been harvested as a cash grain crop. The forage also helps nix erosion by covering the soil longer into the growing season. The Land. Drill three to four bushels into new fields for hay. Oats were grown on only 265,000 acres in North Dakota in 2018. The option of oats for hay is becoming increasingly popular in some regions where growers have identified it as profitable and as a tool to manage herbicide resistance. Oats can accumulate nitrates, so test hay before feeding. . That's right. If you have good soil moisture, give fall oats a try. The oat crop is grown specifically for hay instead of harvested for grain. Dual-purpose oat cultivars are widely used in Australia for grazing. Re: Growing/sowing oats for hay in reply to randy hall, 07-13-2012 19:30:23 I don't know about Va. but in Texas many acres of Oats are planted in the Fall and either grazed out,harvested for grain or baled for hay. Oats normally require about 60 days of growth following germination to reach the boot-stage. UNL web framework and quality assurance provided by the, Apply to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Give to the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Explore Beef (The People. To plant oats, drill about 3 bushels of oats per acre in early August for maximum yield potential. A fully prepared seedbed usually is best, but you can plant oats directly into wheat stubble or other crop residues if weeds are killed ahead of planting. By Steve Barnhart, Department of Agronomy Oats have been an important crop in Iowa. per acre i a goosd companion crop for spring seedings. Oats can accumulate nitrates, so test hay before feeding. Oats planted beyond early July won’t get a young farmer out of the classroom, but these aren’t your grandpa’s oats . Oats can be intercropped for silage and autumn grazing, and used as fodder for swath grazing. The oats grow quickly to suppress weeds, and the grain produced helps pay for the alfalfa seed. There are specific requirements for hay for the export market that are different to usual on-farm requirements. Specialist cultivars for hay production are being developed to meet export quality specifications for Australia’s growing oaten hay export trade to Southeast Asia. Page last updated: Thursday, 5 October 2017 - 1:39pm, Oats: hay quality for export and domestic markets, AFIA - Australian Fodder Industry Association, Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act, Western Australia's agriculture and food sector, Casual, short-term employment and work experience. Also, we bale the straw for cow bedding. With good moisture, oats will be ready to graze about 6 to 8 weeks after emergence. Some oat varieties do not meet the exporters standard and therefore will not be accepted for delivery. This article appeared in the August/September 2017 issue of Hay & Forage Grower on page 30. The grain should not contain more than 13 percent moisture for safe storage. Research has shown that the optimum time for cutting oaten hay is at the watery ripe stage (Z71), the earliest stage of milk development. To thicken existing hay fields, drill about one to two bushels per acre as soon as possible directly into the existing crop. Oats for grain generally are harvested with a combine. But when they're planted for grazing, an additional 30 lbs/acre of nitrogen are recommended. Typically, two-thirds of the oats planted are harvested for grain and the rest is grown primarily for forage/hay. Growing oats in Western Australia for hay and grain Raj Malik Blakely Paynter Cindy Webster Amelia McLarty Follow this and additional works at: https://researchlibrary.agric.wa.gov.au/bulletins Part of the Pharmacology, Toxicology and Environmental Health Commons, Plant Breeding and Genetics Commons, and the Weed Science Commons When oat grass hay is correctly managed using optimal fertilization programs, we can increase fiber digestion and growth of the plant while minimizing water soluble carbohydrates (Malik et al., 2011). Sudden respiratory problems can occur. Oats are grown in every county in North Dakota, with the major area of production in the southwestern quarter of the state. Oats can accumulate nitrates, so test hay before feeding. Some processors however may prefer hay cut at a different development stage, so check with your exporter before cutting. growing conditions are highly digestible and often contain 80%–85% moisture (15%–20% dry matter). The best way to grow oats is to find an area where the soil has a pH between 6 and 7. Independent comparative data on variety performance for hay is limited. The harvested forage is generally higher in quality and more palatable to animals than oats grown alone. These include earlier cutting times, green hay colour, low moisture content, freedom from weeds and thin-strawed varieties. It’s August and fall is just around the corner. The Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development's 2018 Oat Variety Guide provides a comparison of grain yield, grain quality, hay yield, hay quality, herbicide tolerance and disease resistance for new and established milling oat varieties. By Angela Lovell Contributor . Forage oats is the main winter forage crop in Queensland due to its ability to produce good-quality feed when most pastures are dormant. This month's digital sponsors: KEYWORDS Oat for hay oats for forage oats forage crop planting oats Sowing oat seed. However, this option can be somewhat expensive with substantial risk involved due to weather, insects and diseases. A shortened version of the URL, helpful when communicating the URL over email or verbally. Related Articles. or increase hay and silage production. Oats for hay can also be sown in a cross fashion (in two directions) to accommodate more plants which aids in reducing stem thickness and weed population. Farmers can … Oats for hay should be harvested when the grain is in the soft dough stage. For hay, cut oats soon after plants begin to dry out following a killing freeze, or cut earlier if plants reach a desirable growth stage. Preparing for Planting Winter Wheat in Land Not Planted this Spring. High yields and good milling quality are what most oat producers strive for, and achieving these goals may depend on where they are grown and under what kind of production system. Calves and yearlings can gain over two pounds per day. Calculating / estimating seeding rates Mow and c a remove oatosot stage o at b graze lightly whr n e oats are 10 inches high. For hay, cut oats soon after plants begin to dry out following a killing freeze, or cut earlier if plants reach a desirable growth stage. "However, growth and vigor are typically greater where pre-plant tillage is used." This option is often considered either when forage is short or when the soybean crop is damaged for harvest as a grain crop (for example. When planning for hay cutting it is important to consider rain events. Many producers plant field peas with oats or another small grain as an annual forage crop. Once the kernels are ripe, you can thresh out the oats. Organise contractors to cut hay as soon as possible after water ripe, keeping in mind rainfall events. The oats are planted in the spring of the year and cut and harvested for hay in the early summer. Our target planting date is late March to early April. The recommended planting rates are 25 – 50 kg KEY: / ha dryland and 50 – 75 kg / ha irrigated. Avoid fields with herbicide carryover, and topdress 40 pounds of nitrogen per acre unless the previous crop was heavily fertilized. Forage is grazed before stem elongation, allowing the crop to recover and produce grain for harvest. Pull any weeds that pop up as the oats grow. Please note: This content may be out of date and is currently under review. Then, lay the oat seeds 1/4 inches apart in rows. following hail damage or an early frost). Even flying oats onto corn fields severely damaged by weather or to be chopped early for silage can work, although rye tends to work better for flying on seed. Oats are able to be grown as both hay and grain. Use of a co is a gompanion crood p option where weeds may be conern. A watery green substance will come out when it is at the watery ripe stage (Z71). Perhaps the most important factor is ensuring that adequate soil moisture exists to facilitate quick germination. Plus, it dies out over winter, so it protects soil without causing planting problems next spring. he bT oot sta ge i when s there is a lump in the stalk but the head has not yet Published: May 2, 2011 Cereals, Features. In Koehler’s case, he underseeded red clover with oats in both 2018 and 2019. When compared to alfalfa cut at the same level of maturity, oat grass hay is lower in crude protein and lower in digestible energy. Oats can springboard cover crops off to a good start after harvest in late July or August. . Many processors recommend cutting at this stage as quality declines significantly after the water ripe stage. In early spring or fall, weed and till the planting area. Adding hay or roughage to the diet will slow down animal performance as the animal substitutes the Rake soil over the seeds and keep the soil moist. "Oats may be successfully planted no-till," Martin says. Planting too early or too late can reduce forage yield. When oats are grown for hay or silage, fertility recommendations are similar to those for grain production -- 75-125 lbs of nitrogen per acre. It grows fast, thrives under cool fall conditions, has good feed value, and can produce over 2 tons of hay or pasture yet this year. But be careful to avoid grass tetany on lush oat pasture; ask your veterinarian if you should supplement with magnesium. To learn about harvesting your oats, scroll down! Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development's Agriculture and Food division is committed to growing and protecting WA's agriculture and food sector. Optimum-planting time for forage oats is from late March to Early April. Selecting appropriate cutting time is critical in achieving this standard whilst maintaining hay yield and quality. Planting rates should be adjusted for germination, seed size and percentage establishment in the Oats are sometimes grazed, but the main use is for hay and silage, fulfilling an important role as feed for livestock operations in the Northern Great Plains of North America. Last year with the weather, we weren't able to get it in until June. Into the crop and check a number of areas of the year cut. Generally higher in quality and more palatable to animals than oats grown.! The watery ripe stage ( Z71 ) of 1 to 1½ bushels 32-48! Stem elongation, allowing the crop to recover and produce grain for harvest the right to! 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Rely on oats to produce high quality export hay in a warm, dry area while them! To fatten livestock during the period from autumn to early spring different to usual on-farm requirements and. Adequate soil moisture exists to facilitate quick germination harvested with a combine this area we explore using oats to livestock...
growing oats for hay 2021