antonina wife of belisarius

La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 15 avril 2017 à 18:59. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. . ; Morris, John (1992).
Antonina Miliukova (1848 – 1917), wife of Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Antonina Nezhdanova (1873 – 1950), Russian opera singer Antonina Prusinowska (fl. But Constantinus, thinking that he was to die that very instant, wished to do some great deed before he should suffer anything himself. "[1][33], Belisarius arrested Antonina, while Photius was saint to Ephesus against Theodosius. Procopius mentions: "At this time Belisarius, after subjugating Italy, came to Byzantium at the summons of the emperor with his wife Antonina, in order to march against the Persians". Belisarius had reportedly gained much popular support following his return from the Gothic War and the Cappadocian perceived him as a rival favourite. . But he, though being racked with torture, determined to hold fast to his oath; for though he was a sickly person and had in earlier life been dissolute, yet he had been devoted to the care of his body, having experienced neither wanton treatment nor hardship. For whereas Antonina had recently laid snares for one enemy for her, the Cappadocian, and had betrayed him, she herself delivered over to Antonina a host of men and brought about their destruction without even a charge having been brought against them. She then inflicted sundry servile tortures upon Photius, among others combing his back and his shoulders with many lashes and commanded him to tell where in the world Theodosius and the go-between were. With a clear eyed understanding of Antonina's illicit behavior, he admires her strengths. Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 2. . When he dies soon afterward, Antonina fulfills his last wishes and then enters a convent to prepare for her own death. 254–257. Which would explain "the rapid rise" of Belisarius. Meanwhile the empress denounced to her husband the things which were being done by John to secure the tyranny, and she sent Narses, the eunuch, and Marcellus, the commander of the palace guards to Rufinianae with numerous soldiers, in order that they might investigate what was going on, and, if they found John setting about a revolution, that they might kill the man forthwith and return. Dewing (1935), Secret History, Chapter 5.20. [1][9][33], In other words, Theodora located Theodosius and hid him in the palace. And when Antonina, the patrician, saw him she said to him 'Tell us, Lord Pope Silverius, what we have done to you and to the Romans that you should wish to betray us into the hands of the Goths.' However, her infidelity is not allowed to overshadow her contributions. Procopius hated Antonina. Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), pp. [1][14], Procopius portrays Antonina as leading a shameless life, even after marrying Belisarius. What is known from Belisarius' private secretary and biographer, Procopius of Caesaria, is that she was the daughter of a charioteer in the hippodrome of Constantinople and that after his death her mother prostituted the barely teenage girl. And the empress, hearing the whole account from Antonina, expressed approval of what she had planned, and by her exhortations raised her enthusiasm to a much higher pitch still. [24] James Evans suggests that Procopius might have exaggerated his own role, Antonina herself being the envoy responsible for organizing the grain shipment. At length, when it was well on in the night, Belisarius, who had been fasting up to this time, was with difficulty compelled by his wife and those of his friends who were present to taste a very little bread. [1], Antonina is recorded as following Belisarius on campaign. The 'Life of Belisarius' is really just a retelling of the works of Prokopios and Agathias, with a heavy Victorian slant. Try. Procopius of Caesarea; Dewing, Henry Bronson (1935). And so the Empress detained this Theodosius in the Palace and bestowed upon him luxury and all manner of indulgence, and threatened that she would make him a Roman General after no long time. Antonina and Giovannina, Belisarius' wife and daughter, detail from Theodora and her entourage, mosaic, south wall of the apse, Basilica of San Vitale , Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna . [1][34], At this point, Theodora intervened in the behalf of her ally. She might have been part of the demimonde involved in the theater of her age. [1], Procopius records that both the father and the grandfather of Antonina were charioteers. This estimation of her age places her birth at c. [18], In North Africa, Βelisarius initially situated his forces at "a camp, thirty-five stades distant from Decimum, surrounded it with a stockade which was very well made". [18], Both Liberatus of Carthage and Victor of Tunnuna report that Antonina forced Pope Vigilius, early in his term, to sign a statement of faith in Monophysitism. The emperor Justinian himself caught the plague and there were discussions of an imminent succession. But Constantinus refused to do so; nay, he would more gladly throw them into the waters of the Tiber than give them to Presidius. Procopius features her as dominating Belisarius. He was treated as an adoptive son of Belisarius, though not apparently legally adopted. [26], Antonina propably stayed in the Praetorian prefecture of Italy for the period 538–540, but her activities are not recorded. Antonina stood a siege of Rome which lasted over a year. In 455, the Vandals pillaged Rome. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. [1][12] The Greek text reads "Ἀντωνίνης τῆς Βελισαρίου γυναικός ἐγγονής". Antonina, Belisarius' Wife: Now she was unfaithful as a wife from the start, but was careful to conceal her indiscretions by the usual precautions; not from any awe of her spouse (for she never felt any shame at anything) and fooled him easily with her deceptions), but because she feared the punishment of the Empress. "For in order that the man might not be alone and thus come to himself, and scorning her enchantments might come to think as he ought concerning her, she had taken care to travel all over the world with him. Theodora took offense and had them both recalled at Constantinople to face her judgement. Procopius of Caesarea; Dewing, Henry Bronson (1914). "History of the wars. It is fictionalized only to the extent necessary to tell the tale of Antonina in the form of a novel. Theodora and Antonina, Belisarius’s wife, both came from the demi-monde of the theater, which was beyond the pale in Constantinople. It begins with the boy Belisarius and reveals his quick-thinking at so young an age. He reportedly spend two years and four months (late 542-early 545) held in an underground chamber, located below the women's quarters of the palace. Belisarius then commanded his guards to enter, whereupon Constantinus said: "In order, plainly, to have them kill me." In 533, the late Roman (or Byzantine) emperor Justinian I – who now ruled from Constantinople – sent his brilliant young general, Flavius Belisarius, against the Vandals. He then went on to become a member of the Byzantine Senate. As fate would seem to have it, she meets and is befriended by an elderly senator whom it is hinted the imperial couple have requested return her to the capitol and to Belisarius. Procopius only alludes to the event in an unrelated chapter: "But after she [Antonina] had made her [Theodora] tame and manageable, by rendering services to her in matters of the greatest urgency — having, in the first place, disposed of Silverius in the manner which will be described in the following narrative" ... "And they say that she first cut out all their tongues, and then cut them up bit by bit, threw the pieces into sacks, and then without ado cast them into the sea, being assisted throughout in this impious business by one of the servants named Eugenius, the same one who performed the unholy deed upon Silverius". [1], Ioannina (or Joannina) was the only confirmed daughter of Belisarius and Antonina. Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. [1][36], This might be the last reliable mention of Antonina. At a later time, however, everything which hitherto had remained secret came to light." For it so happened that certain other things too, as related by me previously, had occurred in the army which influenced him to this retreat. Procopius reports: "But when Antonina, after the Empress' death, came to Byzantium, she purposely forgot the benefits which the Empress recently had conferred upon her, and paying no attention whatever to the fact that if the girl should marry anyone else, her previous record would be that of a prostitute, she spurned the alliance with the offspring of Theodora and forced the child, entirely against her will, to abandon her beloved. What deed was performed on Silverius is never actually explained. Her influence of her husband was great. [1][21][22] Antonina is portrayed completing her mission with "ruthless efficiency" and "breathtaking speed". The key roles of this drama were the Empress Theodora and her amoral compatriot Antonina (c. 484-565), the wife of Belisarius. She was then sent to Constantinople. "It was reported to him by someone that she was on the way. Italy, 6th century. This Presidius had given offence to the Goths at the time when Vittigis was about to march against Rome, and so he set out with some few of his domestics ostensibly on a hunting expedition, and went into exile; he had communicated his plan to no one and took none of his property with him, except indeed that he himself carried two daggers, the scabbards of which happened to be adorned with much gold and precious stones. Which would make her still alive in 565. Raj is genuinely in touch with an old AI, which is a whole lot like hearing spirit voices. "There was a certain Presidius, a Roman living at Ravenna, and a man of no mean station. So after she had completed this transaction and felt a much greater confidence in the friendship of the Empress, she sent Theodosius to Ephesus and herself, foreseeing no obstacle, set out for the East." Procopius, in the first five chapters of his Secret History, presents Belisarius as a cuckold husband dominated by his wife. Antonina is recorded as following Belisarius on campaign. The Patria of Constantinople, a later source, mentions that Antonina outlived Belisarius. See more » Antonio Mira de Amescua. "But on the following day the infantry with the wife of Belisarius came up and we all proceeded together on the road toward Carthage, which we reached in the late evening". . She was at Portus in 546, Croton in late 547, and Hydruntum in 548. And Antonina not only embraced Theodosius with reasonable fondness as her son by holy. New!! In addition, Belisarius married Antonina, a friend of Empress Theodora. But they left a large number of Isaurians to guard the ships. That complicated relationship between Belisarius and Justinian is what inspired me to write about him. In a vision of the future in Oblique Approach, Belisarius sees himself leading a charge and everyone shouting the Battle Cry "For the whore!" About this time, meanwhile, Belisarius married the widowed Antonina, who, as an old friend to the empress Theodora, had influence at court that was later to be of great importance to him. "There [Italy] she enjoyed to the full both the attentions of her lover and the simplicity of her husband and later on came to Byzantium in company with both of them." Perhaps Belisarius' greatest flaw was not, as Gibbon puts it, uxoriousness, but rather his constant loyalty to a bad emperor. According to his former secretary and long-standing enemy, the historian Procopius, Antonina even bedded Belisarius’ own godson, Theodosius. In the spring of 528 A.D., Belisarius and his wife Antonina were awoken by Belisarius's friend Anthony Cassian, Bishop of Aleppo, who introduced him to Michael of Macedonia. The officers that he commanded were self-serving and unreliable; but the common soldiers loved and respected him. Belisarius, who significantly contributed in the expansion of the Byzantine Empire under Justinian, died in c. March 565, probably in an estate he owned in Rufinianae, Chalcedon. Lightman and Lightman (2007), p. 30. [1][16] Procopius narrates: "Belisarius encouraged the Roman populace and then dismissed them; and Procopius, who wrote this history, he immediately commanded to go to Naples. Though her having several children could be no more than rumour. And there was with them also Procopius, who wrote this history. [1][23], Later in 537, Belisarius sent Antonina to Naples, reportedly for her own safety. According to Italian historian Paolo Cesaretti, Antonina was a controversial figure and "right arm" of Empress Theodora, wife of Justinian, in exercising power. This statement is not recorded by other sources and the account is considered suspect. She meets and falls for the considerably younger Belisarius, and he for her. Belisarius - Book II: Glory of the Romans continues the epic tale of Belisarius, the last great general of the Roman Empire. Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), pp. "When Belisarius had reached Roman territory, he found that his wife had arrived from Byzantium. Another great relationship in the novel is between Belisarius and his wife Antonina. Now as long as the affairs of the Romans were critical and in confusion, Presidius remained silent; but when he saw that the Romans were gaining the upper hand and that the envoys of the Goths had been sent to the emperor, as has been told by me above, he frequently approached Belisarius reporting the injustice and demanding that he assist him in obtaining his rights. Kastenellos sees it otherwise. [1][27], When the appointed day was at hand, Antonina bade the empress farewell and departed from the city, and she went to Rufinianae, as if to begin on the following day her journey to the East; hither too came John at night in order to carry out the plan which had been agreed upon. He writes "at great length" on her affair with Theodosius, a godson of Belisarius. And it was on him that the hope of the Romans centred as he marched once more against the Persians, leaving his wife in Byzantium. The same late source gives Antonina the title zoste patrikia. Later offering his as a gift to Antonina, allowing the affair to continue. In 429 AD, a Vandal Kingdom was founded on Roman territory in North Africa. Antonina persuaded both Belisarius and Justinian to recall him. [1][27], Elsewhere he continues: "But in the other account one fact was passed over in silence by me through fear — that Antonina had practised deception upon John and his daughter, not without intent, but after giving them the assurance of countless oaths, than which none is accounted more terrible among Christians, at any rate, that she was not acting with any treacherous purpose towards them. He was merciful as a conqueror, stern as a disciplinarian, enterprising and wary as a general; while his courage, loyalty and forbearance seem to have been almost unsullied. 35. Theodora also compelled Belisarius, much against his inclination, to lay aside his quarrel with his wife Antonina. Count Belisarius purports to be a biography written by Eugenius, a eunuch who is a servant of Belisarius' wife Antonina. [1], Antonina initially stood alongside Belisarius in the Siege of Rome (537–538). The subtitle of Antonina is A Byzantine Slut and Kastenellos does not whitewash her infidelity, but he does sympathize. Procopius allows some glimpses as to her movements. Belisarius owned the estate of Rufinianae on the Asiatic side of the Constantinople suburbs. [18], Ἀντωνίνης τῆς Βελισαρίου γυναικός ἐγγονής. Belisarius in the Belisarius series Edit. Procopius alleges that she only did so to maintain her influence on the general. Count No Man Happy: A Byzantine Fantasy, Kastenellos' other novel set in the Byzantine Empire, about the reign and fantasies of the Emperor Constantine VI. Kastenellos has written a more understanding account of her life. Antonina was no longer young at the time of her marriage. [13] The term "ἐγγονή" translates to "granddaughter", not daughter. Her influence of her husband was great. Photius she subjected to one servile torture after another, tearing the flesh off his back and shoulders with merciless flogging, insisting that he should disclose the whereabouts of Theodosius and the procurer. Theodora could have initially recruited her as an agent and informer. Their cargoes had to be transported to Rome. Procopius narrates "Antonina together with the commanders began at daybreak to consider means of transporting the cargoes. "[1][31][32], Antonina joined her husband in the Lazic War. The sole exception was the water supplies of Belisarius' own ship. . And Belisarius, being by now mastered by anger, enquired whether Constantinus did not think that he was subject to his orders. [34] Procopius credits Antonina with his restoration to favor. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. His wife, though unfaithful and often embarrassing to him, had great influence at court, which was valuable when Justinian grew suspicious of him. 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