The indigenous peoples of New Guinea, commonly called Papuans, are Melanesians. 20 August 2017. The death of 19-year-old mother Jenelyn Kennedy in Port Moresby last month, the latest victim in a plague of violence, saw mass protests across the country calling for something to be done. Although the earliest materials in this set are dated 1922 and the latest 1955, the bulk of the collection dates from 1933 through 1955. The possession was placed under the authority of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1902. Recent archaeological research suggests that 50,000 years ago people may have occupied sites in the highlands at altitudes of up to 2,000 m (6,600 ft), rather than being restricted to warmer coastal areas.[3]. They were beaten back by the Australian Army, and the Battle of Milne Bay is remembered as the first outright defeat on Japanese land forces during World War II. 2007 August - Sir Michael Somare re-elected as premier. Coffee is … The government and rebels negotiated a peace agreement that established the Bougainville Autonomous District and Province. [11] Local Papuans, called Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels by the Australians, assisted and escorted injured Australian troops down the Kokoda trail. 2014 March - Papua New Guinea's Supreme Court begins a human rights inquiry into Australia's immigration detention centre on Manus Island. The exploration of Papua–New Guinea has been a continuing process. Papua New Guinea set to lift lockdown despite recent surge in cases. Wabag, town on the island of New Guinea, north-central Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. 1100-900 BC - Second wave of migrants from south-east Asia. It began with the easy Japanese conquest of most of the north coast of the massive island. The Act provided for a Legislative Council (established in 1951), a judicial organization, a public service, and a system of local government, with Sir Donald Cleland as administrator. A regional peace-monitoring force and a UN observer mission monitors the government and provincial leaders who have established an interim administration and are working toward complete surrender of weapons, the election of a provincial government and an eventual referendum on independence. The same day, the Governor-General of Papua New Guinea, Sir Michael Ogio, formally appointed Peter O’Neill as prime minister. From this base they prospected along the Maramuni River and its tributaries, again without success. 1973 February - Indonesia and PNG agree position of Irian Jaya border. A peace agreement between the Government and ex-combatants was signed in August 2001. 1949 July - Australia establishes a joint administration over both territories called the Territory of Papua and New Guinea. 2015 January - Government denies reports that protests at an Australian immigration centre on Manus Island turned violent after 400 detainees reportedly went on hunger strike. All of them are unarmed. Guinea, in its turn, is etymologically derived from the Portuguese word Guiné. There was production of a double metallic 2 kina coin minted to substitute the 2 kina note. 1996 - Theodore Miriong is assassinated at his home in south-west Bougainville. 1890s - Governor MacGregor and others make several exploratory expeditions around BNG. Analysis; Share. In general, the winter in the island is quite pleasant - comfortable temperature, rains are rare. Papua New Guinea has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 5 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 23 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 325 earthquakes in the past 365 days Facing tropical disease, difficult terrain and well constructed Japanese defences, the allies only secured victory with heavy casualties.[12]. The bird life in Papua New Guinea provides the tribal elders with fancy feathered headdress and cloaks. The move is seen as a bid by Australia to protect its northern, sparsely populated borders. However, his government lost a vote of confidence in 1980 and was replaced by a new cabinet headed by Sir Julius Chan as prime minister. When Europeans first arrived, inhabitants of New Guinea and nearby islands, whose technologies included bone, wood, and stone tools, had a productive agricultural system. Today's staples – sweet potatoes and pigs – were later arrivals, but shellfish and fish have long been mainstays of coastal dwellers' diets. Such reversals of fortune and a revolving-door succession of prime ministers continue to characterize Papua New Guinea's national politics. Papua New Guinea - Papua New Guinea - Recovery in the 21st century: Sir Michael Somare joined the new National Alliance Party in 1997; he led it to victory in the July 2002 elections and formed a government in coalition with 20 other parties. About one-tenth larger than California, its mountainous interior has only recently been … An exception is the record of the Akmana Gold Prospecting Company's Field Party which carried out two expeditions from September to December 1929 and from mid February to the end of June 1930. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country, yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Papua New Guinea's Sir Michael Somare ends 50-year role, Growing concern over Brazil coronavirus variant. It was administered under this mandate until the Japanese invasion in December 1941 brought about the suspension of Australian civil administration. Weekly quiz: What's the Sex and the City reboot called? [10] Having had their initial effort to capture Port Moresby by a seaborne invasion disrupted by the U.S. Navy in the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Japanese attempted a landward invasion from the north via the Kokoda Trail. Mr O'Neill challenges the warrant in multiple court cases. The New Guinea campaign of the Pacific War lasted from January 1942 until the end of the war in August 1945. Parliament endorses Mr O'Neill as PM in August. This new Mandated Territory of New Guinea is governed totally separately from the Territory of Papua. The prehistory of Papua New Guinea can be traced to about 60,000 years ago, when people first migrated towards the Australian continent. A magnitude 7.2 earthquake has rattled the Pacific island nation of Papua New Guinea, cutting power and knocking items off shelves though there were no immediate reports of serious damage.. However, Christian-majority Philippines and Buddhist-majority Thailand, Vietnam, and Cambodia have expressed displeasure over Papua New Guinea's anti-LGBT laws, stating that equality-friendly Timor-Leste would most likely be a more feasible ASEAN member state in the future. 1961 March - First elections involving indigenous population. Read about our approach to external linking. The written history began when European navigators first sighted New Guinea in the early part of the 17th century. In 2006, there was elimination of 1 and 2 toea coins after … 2016 November - Australia says refugees held in detention centres in Papua New Guinea and Nauru will be resettled in the United States in a "one-off deal". Before gaining independence from the occupiers in the year 1975, the state was divided into administrative regions called districts. Bougainville islanders elect their first autonomous government. 1975 16 September - Attains full independence from Australia. Facebook. Population Pyramids: Papua New Guinea - 1955. What happens to your body in extreme heat? Former rebel leader Joseph Kabui and Gerard Sinato are nominated as co-leaders. '[8], 'Members of the Akmana party donated wigs they had brought back to various museums. Instead, they are sent to Nauru, or to Papua New Guinea’s Manus Island, for “offshore processing”, a bleak dysphemism because no genuine resettlement ever takes place. Australian-led Peace Monitoring Group takes over from Truce Monitoring Group. Almost completely straight, the boundary is formed primarily by the line … [1][2] They came probably by sea from Southeast Asia during an Ice Age period when the sea was lower and distances between islands shorter. The PNG Government declared a state of emergency on 1 March for Hela, Southern Highlands, Western and Enga provinces. Australasia. In the past, headhunting and cannibalism occurred in many parts of what is now named Papua New Guinea. About one-tenth larger than California, its mountainous interior has only recently been … Situated on the Lai River at an elevation of 6,000 feet (1,830 m), it was first visited by Europeans in 1934. However, parliament also extends the range of offences for which the death penalty can be applied, to the dismay of human rights organisations. But it … 2015 October - Government says it will begin resettling refugees being held in the country in Australian-run detention centres. 1920s - A major gold find along the Bulolo River prompts another gold rush. Papua New Guinea has recently concluded its ninth general election. In 2016 the Papua New Guinea Supreme Court ruled that detaining asylum seekers was unconstitutional, and in November 2017 the governments of Australia and Papua New Guinea shuttered the principal detention centre on Manus Island and helped rehouse the refugees and asylum seekers held there. The Akmana Gold Prospecting Field Party made contact with many peoples they called: grass country people, head hunters, pygmies, wig–men, Kanakas, Poomani. He was succeeded by his deputy John Tabinaman as acting president while an election to fill the unexpired term was organised. 2002 August - Sir Michael Somare elected as prime minister for a third time, after a violent and chaotic election. Australia's change of policy towards Papua New Guinea largely commenced with the invitation from the Australian Government to the World Bank to send a mission to the Territory to advise on measures to be taken towards its economic development and political preparation. These towns are divided by the steep Owen Stanley mountain range. 1906 - Control of British New Guinea transferred to the newly independent Commonwealth of Australia and renamed Territory of Papua. Michael Somare, prime minister of Papua New Guinea from 1975 to 2011, faced charges of political misconduct and misappropriation of funds spanning over 20 years, while in … 2008 June - Bougainville President Joseph Kabui dies. 1999 December - John Momis sworn in as governor of Bougainville. The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. The bitter Battle of Buna-Gona followed in which Australian and United States forces attacked the main Japanese beachheads in New Guinea, at Buna, Sanananda and Gona. James Tanis won that election in December 2008 and served until the inauguration of John Momis, the winner of the 2010 elections. The most unfavorable month in the autumn period is April. Most of West Papua, at that time known as Dutch New Guinea, was occupied, as were large parts of the Territory of New Guinea (the former German New Guinea, which was also under Australian rule after World War I), but Papua was protected to a large extent by its southern location and the near-impassable Owen Stanley Ranges to the north. The New Zealand-led group also comprises troops from Australia, Fiji and Vanuatu. Australia pledges to grant Papua New Guinea generous aid in return, and the processing centre on PNG's Manus Island will be significantly expanded to hold up to 3,000 people. Twitter . They prospected south along the Baiyer River to its junction with the Maramuni and Tarua Rivers, where they established a palisaded forward camp naming the place 'Akmana Junction.' There was little economic activity in Papua. The plantations and gold mining generated a degree of prosperity.[5]. 1963 May - UN transfers control of West New Guinea to Indonesia. 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