His reign is also associated with the greatest age of French culture and art. Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi Soleil), was King of France from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. Shortly after, France experienced a bitter civil war named “La Fronde,” or “the sling,” for the weapon the … He had wanted the people in offices to be capable but he still wanted them to rely on him. He brought the French monarchy to its peak of absolute power and made France the dominant power in Europe. Louis XIV of France. The monarch soon decided that it was time to start expanding. Louis XIV (1638–1715), known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. He gave them offices and fancy titles but little power. Portrait of Louis XIV. Louis XIV by Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701). Louis XIV’s domestic policy was to transform France.Louis XIV built on Louis XIII’s policy of extending absolute royal rule (centralised absolutism) to all parts of the kingdom.Louis was the archetypal absolutist monarch. He didn't care for politics, but Louis XIV left behind artistic treasures. Culture Louis XIV: What France's Sun King did for art. Under rule of Louis XIV, France had the largest population and the greatest army, making it the most powerful country in Europe. He wanted them there so that they couldn’t gain independent provinces. Then, in 1642, Louis XIV became the king of France at the very tender age of four (with a 72 year reign, he is the longest known monarch of European history). Colbert also had no problem with using peasants to do road work. Aided by politicians such as Jean-Baptiste Colbert, and more especially, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his kingdom. Louis XIV, King of France, in 1661. In 1667, French troops invaded the Spanish Netherlands in an attempt to expand the French border. Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September 1638–1 September 1715) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May 1643 until his death. Some peasants were draftees in Louis's army and navy. How Louis XIV Controlled the Nobility. Louis required greater nobles stay mostly at the court with threat of punishment. His reign of seventy-two years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a … The thing he did that hurt the most was building his palace and capitol at Versailles. This was the longest recorded rule of any European monarch.He is often seen as the typical example of absolutism.He was the older of two brothers the other being Philippe. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. The peasants had very little food and were near starved during the reign of Lois XIV. 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