northwards), with depictions on Ancient Egyptian murals. The genus has five extant species. N'Dama is a breed of cattle from West Africa. Quite the same Wikipedia. The evolutionary relationship between the members of the group is still debated, and their classification into loose tribes rather than formal subgroups reflects this uncertainty. A hybrid of different Indian and later European cattle breeds, they were introduced by Bantu-speaking tribes to Southern Africa during their migration from the North of the continent. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. ), Boston, 2015: CAB Int., p. 624, Relationships between production and product traits in subpopulations of Bonsmara and Nguni cattle, "A review of reproductive performance of female Bos Indicus (Zebu) cattle". All instances of RPC-088 are capable of flight. It is the ancestor of domestic cattle. northwards), with depictions on Ancient Egyptian murals. Many ancient breeds are thought to have originated from other species. Cattle. Foidl, Daniel [illustration of Auerochs] in: Garrick, Dorian J and Anatoly Ruvinsky (eds. The Afrikaner, also known as the Africander, is a breed of taurine-indicine ("Sanga") cattle indigenous to South Africa. ), Boston, 2015: CAB Int., p. 624, Relationships between production and product traits in subpopulations of Bonsmara and Nguni cattle, "A review of reproductive performance of female Bos Indicus (Zebu) cattle". White Fulani cattle are an important beef breed of cattle throughout the area conquered by the Fulani people and beyond in the Sahel zone of Africa. The cattle breed is medium-sized and adapted to grazing on the highveld. The wild population of Indian aurochs was likely extinct millennia earlier than that; the most recent skeletal remains, from Uttar Pradesh, date from around 1,800 BC. Watusi are the most popular Sanga cattle breed. The aurochs, also known as urus or ure, is an extinct species of large wild cattle that inhabited Asia, Europe, and North Africa. After their introduction to Egypt, about eight thousand years ago, they spread all over the Sahara which was then still green, up to West Africa. Thus African cattle descend firstly from an Aurochs domesticated in the Near East. [10] While in Kenya research conducted by KALRO has shown a similarity with crossbreeding N'Dama x Boran cattle. Foidl, Daniel [illustration of Auerochs] in: Garrick, Dorian J and Anatoly Ruvinsky (eds. Zebu are characterised by a fatty hump on their shoulders, a large dewlap, and sometimes drooping ears. The Ankole is a breed of African cattle, belonging to the broad Sanga cattle group of African breeds. [3] The timeline for their history is the subject of extensive debate. Some authors date the first Sanga cattle, which originated through by crossing in of Zebu bulls in northeast and east Africa, from 1600 BC on. [1] These cattle originated in East Africa, probably the western shores of Lake Victoria, and have spread down the river Nile (i.e. The aurochs (/ ˈ ɔː r ɒ k s / or / ˈ aʊ r ɒ k s /; pl. Ankole-Watusi - Video Learning - WizScience.com. They are sometimes identified as a subspecies with the scientific name Bos taurus africanus. Over 1000 breeds of cattle are recognized worldwide, some of which adapted to the local climate, others which were bred by humans for specialized uses.. Cattle breeds fall into two main types, which are regarded as either two closely related species, or two subspecies of one species. They are trypanotolerant, allowing them to be kept in tsetse fly-infested areas. It is a form of Sanga cattle closely related to the Tswana breed from Botswana. Watusi jsou nejoblíbenějším plemenem skotu Sanga. [4] Hereby special adaptations to the African climate and conditions were introduced, that characterise African cattle - both those deriving solely from Aurochs and the Sanga cattle with their Zebu admixture. sanga cattle breeds, Bos taurus africanus ) but also between one or both of these and some other members of the genus Bos : yak (called a dzo or "yattle" [5]), banteng and gaur. [1] These cattle originated in East Africa, probably the western shores of Lake Victoria, and have spread down the river Nile (i.e. Taurine cattle were originally considered a distinct species, but are now typically grouped with zebus and aurochs into one species, Bos taurus. A bovid hybrid is a hybrid of two different members of the bovid family. In contrast, the domesticated taurine cattle breeds, which are native to Europe, the Near East, and other parts of the world, are descendants of the Eurasian aurochs. They are well adapted to withstanding high temperatures, and are farmed throughout the tropical countries, both as pure zebu and as hybrids with taurine cattle, the other main type of domestic cattle. The Ankole-Watusi may be a number of different colors, but is usually red. They are sometimes identified as a subspecies with the scientific name Bos taurus africanus. General characteristics include cloven hooves and usually at least one of the sexes of a species having true horns. European cattle are descended from the Eurasian subspecies, while zebu are descended from the Indian subspecies. Info~ Ankole‑Watusi cattle, with their long, large horns, are among the most striking members of the bovine kingdom. Sanga are an intermediate type, probably formed by hybridizing the indigenous humpless cattle with Zebu cattle. [2] However, archaeological evidence indicates this cattle type was domesticated independently in Africa, and bloodlines of taurine and zebu cattle were introduced only within the last few hundred years. [10] While in Kenya research conducted by KALRO has shown a similarity with crossbreeding N'Dama x Boran cattle.[11][12][13]. Trypanosomiasis poses a considerable constraint on livestock agricultural development in Tsetse fly infested areas of sub Saharan Africa, especially in west and central Africa. Hybrid individuals and even breeds exist, not only between taurine cattle and zebu (such as the sanga cattle, Bos taurus africanus), but also between one or both of these and some other members of the genus Bos – yaks, banteng, and gaur. Both taurine cattle and indicine cattle (zebus) are descended from the aurochs. Sanga are an intermediate type, probably formed by hybridizing the indigenous humpless cattle with Zebu cattle. 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