The Great Leap Forward planned to develop agriculture and industry. Mao created the Great Leap Forward to help China modernize and catch up with the west. However, the extra work burden that neces… The official death toll from the Great Leap Forward is "only" 14 million, but the majority of scholars agree that this is a substantial underestimate. Among 41 production brigades in ten communes of Linxia City, 588 people ate the remains of 337 others. Mao Zedong, 1958, “The Chairman talks all the time about more, faster, better, and more economical results. They do what they like. Ronald Radosh. A revolution is an insurrection, an act of violence by which one class overthrows another. He ate Chen Zaxi. Relationship: spouse. Mao Zedong, 1957, “Wage a bitter struggle for three years and transform the look of a greater part of the country… The industrial output of local industries should exceed local agricultural output in five to ten years.” Liu Shaoqi, 1950, “Landlords in general will only be deprived of their land and abolished as a social class, but they will not be physically eliminated… Therefore it is a stipulation that after their lands have been confiscated, the landlords will still be given shares of land… That way they can make a living by their own labour, reform themselves through labour and become new men.” However, this plan backfired in a tragic fashion. They are simply superb. We made ladders to knock down their nests and beat gongs in the evenings when they were coming home to roost. The results, unfortunately, were catastrophic. At that time, we only thought that they ate grain.” So we stopped killing sparrows. As a result of the exaggerations, party officials carried off most of the food to serve as the cities' share of the harvest, leaving the farmers with nothing to eat. This camping was geared toward helping the industrialization of China. Comrades, if you have to shit – shit! The program had two parts. Status: common peasant. If you want to know the taste of a pear, you must change the pear by eating it yourself. By 1958, these agricultural collectives had become the norm, and private ownership of land was abolished, with all households being forced into the state-operated communes. Some survivors of the Great Leap Forward are still alive today. On the contrary, ‘the home is much happier now because the heavy burdens are removed’. The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images. Mao's 'Great Leap Forward' and the Power of History. Mao Zedong, 1959, “Even if there’s a collapse [in China’s food production] it’ll be alright. In Hongtai Commune alone there were 170 people who ate 125 corpses, as well as killing and eating five other people… In some cases, individuals barbarously consumed their own parents, children, spouses and siblings. Improving public health by eliminating the "four pests"—rats, mosquitoes, spar rows, and flies—was one initiative of the Great Leap Forward, but the Mao Zedong on the failures of the Great Leap Forward, 1959, “The harvest had been bad. In that way, no one would lose anything but all would gain. The backyard steel production plan resulted in entire forests being chopped down and burned to fuel the smelters, which left the land open to erosion. Anhui police report on cannibalism, 1960, “Cannibalism occurred in many places. In the period between 1949 and 1958, a policy of collectivization, where farmers would work in collectives and share tools and draft animals, was gradually introduced and implemented. Anna Louise Strong, American journalist, 1964. “One of the many paradoxes of the Great Leap Forward was that everything was for sale, as bricks, clothes and fuel were bartered for food. If you have to fart – fart! Chinese Revolution crossword for beginners. Then the farmers’ cooperative people came along. Mao believed that both had to grow to allow the other to grow. With hindsight, the results were predictably bad. ISBN: 0300184042. I understand nothing about industrial planning… I do not claim to have invented the People’s Communes, only to have proposed them.” In those days one man’s word counted for everything.” In 1958 Mao Zedong announced the Great Leap Forward, an attempt to increase agricultural and industrial production. I sweated my guts out. Mao believed this program would allow him to win the race with the Soviet Union to achieve commu nism. Mao Zedong, 1958, “With 11 million tons of steel next year and 17 million tons the year after, the world will be shaken. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) lead by Mao Zedong or Mao Tse-Tung considered it was a time for the Great Leap Forward. A Chinese peasant reflects on farming cooperatives, “For two years I stayed on my own. Friday, 17 September 2010. We tried to do too much, we wasted part of our investments, we deferred certain essential tasks, and that is a mistake.” And the fires that were visible each night over the horizon. Anxious commune leaders vastly exaggerated their harvests, hoping to curry favor with the Communist leadership. Power Gun Political. Lin Biao, January 1962, “What a good speech vice-chairman Lin has made. This was also the era of massive irrigation projects — local, regional, and national in scope — that were to result in impressive gains in crop yields in subsequent years. Children were taken from their parents and put into large childcare centers to be tended to by workers assigned that task. We did it for several days. Yue Daiyun, peasant woman, “Naturally we have defects and mistakes… Like a child playing with fire, without experience, knowing pain only after being burned. Li Lei, CCP cadre from Gansu province, writing in 1999, “Among 14 work units… 3,132 persons are suffering from oedema, which afflicts 25 per cent of the staff in the most seriously affected units… The illness has struck workers more than cadres, those employed in heavy physical labour more than light work, and those eating at communal kitchens more than those taking their meals at home.” We collected scrap metal and pots while the grownups cut the trees. Mao announced a second Five Year Plan to last from 1958 to 1963. Over just a few years, the Great Leap Forward also caused massive environmental damage in China. The peasants were carrying out the work of the [Communist] Party, working day and night at the mines and homemade blast furnaces… And we know the results: they did not obtain any more iron than before and there was much less bread and rice to go round.” You’ll feel much better for it.” Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. What does he want with chanting these liturgies all the time?” As the originator of the disaster, he ended up being sidelined from power until 1967, when he called for the Cultural Revolution. He ate his own wife. The Great Leap Forward was born from Mao Zedong’s impatience for industrial and manufacturing growth (in his words, “more, faster, better, cheaper”).. It was an impossible goal, of course, but Mao had the power to force the world's largest society to … In the end, through a combination of disastrous economic policy and adverse weather conditions, an estimated 20 to 48 million people died in China. But the temperature was too low. The Great Leap Forward was supposed to be a five-year plan, but it was called off after just three tragic years. All we have to do is give the peasants their own land, then everyone will have plenty to eat.” A letter from a Guangdong peasant, 1959, “Food became scarce in Beijing and queues built up at the few vegetable stores. Nature Flowers Thought. So people are setting up more and more community canteens, nurseries, sewing groups…” The Great Leap Forward was a movement in China that started in 1958 and lasted two years till 1960. The Great Leap Forward, the second five-year plan of the Chinese revolution, was an attempt to develop rapidly both industry and agriculture. (Video) Arifa Akbar. Mao hoped to increase China's agricultural output while also pulling workers from agriculture into the manufacturing sector. Farmers in the Great Leap Forward Era (Historians on the Warpath) Mao Versus Sparrows. “The essential content of agrarian reform is the confiscation of the land of the landlord class for distribution to the landless peasants. In 1960, a widespread drought added to the nation's misery. In Gansu they killed outsiders; people told me strangers passed through and they killed and ate them. It is better to let half of the people die so that the other half can eat their fill.” Under Mao, everything is great but they only eat porridge. Backyard Steel Furnace during the Great Leap Forward. Families had to meet quotas for steel production, so in desperation, they often melted down useful items such as their own pots, pans, and farm implements. In the third year, I did not manage to finish my ploughing. It had political repercussions for Mao Zedong as well. 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