Curcuma domestica. ... Curcuma aromatica curcuma Curcuma australasica . Turmeric is addressed with different local names around the globe. Turmeric is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family Zingiberaceae. Some species are reportedly naturalized in other warm parts of the world such as tropical Africa, Central America, Florida, and various islands of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Oceans. They are native to Southeast Asia, southern China, the Indian Subcontinent, New Guinea and northern Australia. 1 Uses; 2 Parts Used; 3 Chemical Composition; 4 Common names; 5 Properties. This plant has no children Legal Status. Trees are harvested every year for … The most important component of Curcuma longa is Curcumin. Turmeric only reproduces via its underground stem (rhizome) which is thick and ringed with the bases of old leaves. Turmeric finds itself placed in the Curcuma taxonomic group, which is part of the ginger family. Curcuma longa. Membership, Open today Curcuma taxonomy is up there with rocket science so this is not surprising. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. May be recommended by IFAS. Curcuma longa L. Common Name: Turmeric; Family: Zingiberaceae Lindley. In India, the deliberate contamination and bulking out of turmeric is a serious problem in local markets. They are often hung in kitchens and are sometimes tied to pots for good luck. It is consumed fresh or dried as a spice. vernacular scientific Creatures » … » Plants » … » Ginger Family » … Creatures » Cellular Organisms » Eukaryotes » Plants » Green Plants » Streptophyta » Embryophytes » Vascular Plant » Spermatophytes » Angiosperms » Monocots » Commelinids » Zingiberales » Ginger Family » Curcuma « Common Turmeric Curcuma longa L. collect. Many languages have adopted the version of the scientific name of this herb. endobj Turmeric is native to south Asia, in particular India, but is cultivated in many warm tropical regions of the world. Central, North, South Low Invasion Risk. C. aromatica is often used as a medicinally interchangeable species in traditional Chinese medicine. There has been much interest in the use of turmeric for conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and Alzheimer's disease. (1776) Curcuma domestica Valeton (1918) International Common Names. Turmeric Curcuma longa Benefits, Usage, Dose, Side Effects Turmeric is one of the very useful and famous Ayurveda herbs. Curcuma longa L. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9 , Plant Growth Form Data from NMNH Botany specimens , Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Taxonomic Hierarchy , Mozambique Species List , Global Register of Introduced and Invasive Species , and GBIF classification Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Low Risk for invasion, therefore Not considered a problem species at this time. Common name Common Hindi name; Curcuma longa: Curcuma: Common Turmeric: हल्दी Haldi: Curcuma zedoaria: Curcuma: White turmeric, Zedoary: जंगली हऴदी Jangli Haldi : Based on classification. Curcuma longa common turmeric Curcuma zedoaria zedoary Legal Status. P.K. Blends Well With: All carrier oils and butters, ginger oil, patchouli oil. © Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Yellow and orange are both special colours in Hinduism and so turmeric dye is very popular during the Hindu festival Holi, which people celebrate by covering themselves with bright dyes. Javanese turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiz) is a different plant and not discussed in this fact sheet. Country of Origin: India to W. Malesia Uses: With Traditional Ayurveda, Turmeric is used to pacify Kapha and Vatha while increasing Pitta. Contents. It originated in the tropical region of Tamil Nadu, southeastern India, and needs temperatures ranging from 20 to 30°C and significant annual rainfall every year. stream 3 0 obj It is not uncommon to find lead chromate, yellow earth, sand, or talcum powder in turmeric powder. 10am – 3pm (last entry 2pm), Tickets Common Names of Turmeric in Different Languages Turmeric is mostly found in tropical areas, and it … Turmeric extracts have been used to dye creams. Optical Rotation: -24 to -27. Forb/Herb Origin. It has also been used as an antiseptic and general tonic and applied externally to wounds and insect bites. Internally, this plant is used to cleanse all the systems of the body. Brand Name: Dosage Forms: oral capsule (500 mg) Medically reviewed by Drugs .com on Nov 26, 2020 – Written by Cerner Multum. Book a time slot to Kew Gardens or Wakehurst before you visit. Its rhizomes (underground stems) are the source of a bright yellow spice and dye. Curcuma longa Common name: Turmeric Family: Zingiberaceae Parts used: Rhizome Constituents: Volatile oil (zingiberene, tumerone), Curcuminoids (Curcumin), bitter… overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Scientific Names. C. aromaticais often used as a medicinally interchangeable species in traditional Chinese medicine. It originated in the tropical region of Tamil Nadu, southeastern India, and needs temperatures ranging from 20 to 30°C and significant annual rainfall every year. Refractive Index: 1.502 to 1.513. Name: Curcuma longa. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. L. Common names: Turmeric. Binomial name. For the bright yellow dye, dried or fresh rhizomes are ground to a paste with water. Ticket holders will have been contacted via email with their options. Blends Well With: All carrier oils and butters, ginger oil, patchouli oil 2008. The resulting refined powder is 18 times stronger in the essential ingredients than is the common spice. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. They are used in making pickles in … Zingiberaceae. Amomum curcuma Jacq. Musa acuminata Argan tree. French: curcuma; Local Common Names. Hermann 3: 5, no. The rhizomes are very similar to common ginger but lack its pungency, and instead have a raw mango flavour. turmeric; Other Scientific Names. It is known for its color and for its health-giving properties. Curcuma domestica Conclusions by Zone. Curcuma is derived from the root of the Curcuma Longa plant first by drying and powdering, to create the spice called Turmeric, then by a solvent extraction. Specific Gravity: 0.916 to 0.936. endobj Standardized common name (English): ... Turmeric (rhizome) (Curcuma longa) Lane Assignments Lanes, from left to right (Track, Volume, Sample): 2 µL Bisdesmethoxycurcumin; 2 µL Desmethoxycurcumin; 2 µL Curcumin; 4 µL Curcuminoids; 2 µL Turmeric (Curcuma longa) 2 µL Curcuma xanthorrhiza Reference Sample(s) Reference: Dissolve 2 mg of USP Curcuminoids RS in 5 mL of … A botanic garden in southwest London with the world’s most diverse living plant collection. Both Kew Gardens and Wakehurst are open in the daytime (although some of our buildings are closed). In Hinduism, turmeric is associated with fertility, prosperity, and good luck and so it often features in weddings and other special occasions. Optical Rotation: -24 to -27. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Turmeric powder has a warm, bitter flavour like black pepper and an earthy, mustard-like aroma. endobj Bui Thanh Tung, ... ... Curcuma... Indian Medicinal Plants with Hypoglycemic Potential. Botanical name: Curcuma longa; Common name(s): Turmeric; Categories: Fruits and Vegetables; Plant description: A yellow coloured root commonly used as a herb and spice. After 7 to 10 months, the lower leaves turn yellow and the rhizomes are dug up. Curcuma aromatica. The rhizomes are then washed and either replanted or processed into spices or dyes. Specific Gravity: 0.916 to 0.936. Preferred Scientific Name. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP … The plant grows to a height of 3 to 5 ft high and is today also cultivated in China, Sri Lanka, and other tropical countries [3].The roots are the most important part of the plant and are used as a religious, culinary, and medicinal agent in India. In India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, some traditional medicines reputed to alleviate asthma and coughs have been prepared from turmeric rhizomes. Curcuma Longa Curcuma longa, the Polyphenolic Curcumin Compound and Pharmacological Effects on Liver. Curcuma brog. Botanically close to Curcuma australasica, wild turmeric has been widely used as a … Curcuma is a genus of about 100 accepted species in the family Zingiberaceae that contains such species as turmeric and Siam tulip.They are native to Southeast Asia, southern China, the Indian Subcontinent, New Guinea and northern Australia. Other plants Cavendish banana. For thousands of years, turmeric (Curcuma longa) has played a key role in many dishes, medicinal remedies, and cultural practices. ---Part Used---Dried rhizome. Alternate botanical names: Curcuma domesticaVal. Curcuma amada mango ginger Curcuma angustifolia East Indian arrowroot Curcuma aromatica curcuma Curcuma australasica . %PDF-1.5 Scientific Name: Curcuma Longa Linnaeus (curcuma longa l) Distribution: India (especially Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu): 600,000 tons annually . Homonyms Curcuma longa L. Common names Gelbwurzel in German Indian-saffron in English Kurkuma in German azafrán de la India in Spanish açafroeira in language. Curcuma longa L. Zingiberaceae Syn. It is native to southern Asia, requiring temperatures between 20 and 30 °C and a considerable amount of annual rainfall to thrive. Curcuma rotunda (LINN.). One of the most common Curcuma species grown in the US is simply known as ‘Hidden Ginger.’ Despite being IDed under a few species names its true identity is unknown. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. To cultivate turmeric, small rhizomes or rhizome pieces are planted on flat soil or in furrows with manure. Botanical Name: Curcuma Longa. Pages in category "Curcuma longa" This category contains only the following page. Turmeric is also known as Curcuma, Curcumin, Halada, Haldi, Haridra, Indian Saffron, Nisha, Pian Jiang Huang, Rajani, … Some plants have different durations depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value. The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. açafrão-da-terra in language. Curcuma longa is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Turmeric is a ginger-family plant that grows edible rhizomes. The term domestica is appropriate as this herb has been widely cultivated (i.e., domesticated) since ancient times. Curcuma longa L. Preferred Common Name. One of the most common Curcuma species grown in the US is simply known as ‘Hidden Ginger.’ Despite being IDed under a few species names its true identity is unknown. Turmeric, Haladi, Curcuma longa. Common Name: Turmeric (Besides, it is also known as Haldi or Haridra) Part used: Rhizome or Underground Tuber. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species is the world’s most comprehensive source of information on the global conservation status of species. Table of Contents. Turmeric belongs to the same genus (Curcuma) as many other economically important species, including mango ginger (C. amada), narrow-leaved turmeric (C. angustifolia), and wild turmeric (C. aromatica). Its yellow-white flowers grow on a spike-like stalk and have small, brown seeds. Turmeric has been shown to have anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It typically grows to 3-4’ tall in a foliage clump of ornamentally-attractive, canna-like, pleated, elliptic to lanceolate green leaves (each to 3 1/2’ long). In Europe and the USA, it is also widely used as a colouring agent in processed foods, sauces, and confectionery. While this plant symbolizes prosperity, it has many medicinal uses. In India, people sometimes add an infusion of rhizome pieces to their bath water which is thought to improve skin tone. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae. Curcuma longa Common name: Turmeric Family: Zingiberaceae Parts used: Rhizome Constituents: Volatile oil (zingiberene, tumerone), Curcuminoids (Curcumin), bitter… The colour of turmeric changes depending on the pH of the liquid it is mixed with. Curcuma longa. Their leafy tops and roots are removed. Other common names: 薑黃 (Chinese, traditional), harilik kollajuur (Estonian), harilik kurkum (Estonian), harilik kurkuma (Estonian), maustekurkuma (Finnish), ... IUCN Red List — Curcuma longa. The first was given the common name curcuma (this is yujin), ... Turmeric is known to botanists either as Curcuma domestica or Curcuma longa: both names refer to the same plant. Kew Science: Plants of the World Online — Curcuma longa, Open today Botanical name – Curcuma longa Linn. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Reassessed every 10 years. 4 0 obj Asia … The rhizome of the plant has medicinal properties. Curcuma longa Taxonomy ID: 136217 (for references in articles please use NCBI: txid136217) current name. Reassessed every 10 years. Botanical name: Curcuma longa; Common name(s): Turmeric; Categories: Fruits and Vegetables; Plant description: A yellow coloured root commonly used as a herb and spice. Common turmeric Synonyms. Curcumin, the most active component of rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (common name: turmeric), has been studied for many years due to its bio-functional properties, especially antioxidant, radical scavenger, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities, which play a crucial role in the wound healing process. The rhizomes are bright yellow and are used to dye clothing and spice food. Common Turmeric Curcuma longa L. collect. To prepare the spice, turmeric rhizomes are boiled, dried, peeled and then ground to a powder. Homonyms Curcuma longa L. Common names Gelbwurzel in German Indian-saffron in English Kurkuma in German azafrán de la India in Spanish açafroeira in language. Common turmeric Synonyms. Today Curcumin gains significant interest in scientific fields since it is the most herb that researches are conducted upon. Not found in the wild; turmeric is only known as a cultivated plant that grows indoors or in heated greenhouses in temperate regions at a minimum temperature of 18°C. Cultivated in China, Bengal and Java. names in breadcrumbs. C. aromatica. açafrão-da-Índia in Portuguese common turmeric in English curcuma in French cúrcuma in Spanish The scientific name of this common spice is Curcuma longa. India is the world’s largest producer, consumer, and exporter of turmeric. Nomenclature. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Refractive Index: 1.502 to 1.513. Overview; Side Effects; Professional; Interactions; Breastfeeding; More; What is turmeric? Amomum curcuma (Jacq.). Common Name: Turmeric (Besides, it is also known as Haldi or Haridra) Part used: Rhizome or Underground Tuber. <> Indian J Comm Health 2012;24(2):113-117. iNaturalist — Curcuma longa. Family Name: Zingiberaceae. %���� Not known to grow in the wild, turmeric is a domesticated plant that is widely cultivated throughout the tropics. Traditionally, women would rub turmeric into their cheeks to produce a golden glow. Jump to navigation Jump to search Vernacular names [edit wikidata 'Curcuma longa'] English: common turmeric; Get exclusive updates, offers and more in our monthly newsletter. Preferred Names. 2 0 obj 7 Lectotype designated by: Leong-Škorničková, J., O. Šída, D. S. A. Wijesundara & K. Marhold. Curcumin, the most active component of rhizome of Curcuma longa L. (common name: turmeric), has been studied for many years due to its bio-functional properties, especially antioxidant, radical scavenger, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities, which play a crucial role in the wound healing process. Botanical: Curcuma longa (LINN.) Common Names. The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Curcuma . Curcuma amada, or mango ginger is a plant of the ginger family Zingiberaceae and is closely related to turmeric ( Curcuma longa ). <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595 842] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 1 0 obj Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. Common names: Turmeric. The rhizome of the plant has medicinal properties. It has a slight earthy flavor and little aroma. The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Curcuma . This page was last edited on 25 March 2018, at 23:51. In Ayurvedic medicine, turmeric has been used to counteract ageing processes. As turmeric goes dark red in the presence of alkaline solutions, such as baking powder, strips of paper soaked in turmeric have been used in laboratories as pH indicators. "Field of Turmeric with coconut as a inter crop".jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 5.34 MB Generally, most curcuma grows well in loose and sandy soil in shaded areas. Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Low Risk for invasion, therefore Not considered a problem species at this time. Botanical Name: Curcuma Longa. Yellow turmeric or the one that we regularly discuss is called Curcuma longa scientifically. An upright herb with large, oblong leaves that are dark green on the upper surface and pale green underneath. In English turmeric was called Indian saffron. In Unani medicine, it has been used for conditions such as liver disorders and dysentery and has been applied externally for ulcers and inflammation. Share. (1776) Curcuma domestica Valeton (1918) International Common Names. Stissera curcuma Giseke Stissera curcuma Raeusch. French: curcuma; Local Common Names. It is consumed fresh or dried as a spice. Assessment Status: Complete. Curcuma longa is a perennial herbaceous plant and a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), which has tubers (rhizomes) below the ground. Preferred Scientific Name. In over 25 languages, Turmeric has a name that straightforward comes from its scientific name. Salisb. <> Curcuma longa is considered the most important medicinal herb in India, china, japan and in south Asia, and is one of the safest and most effective herbs for body detoxification. Turmeric is sterile (does not produce seed, but it does grow vigorously from the rhizomes). Central, North, South Low Invasion Risk. Amomum curcuma Jacq. Curcuma longa : Source: Zingiberaceae of North America Update, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Curcuma longa : Publication(s): Author(s)/Editor(s): Publication Date: Article/Chapter Title: (Curcuma domestica val) Family– Scitamineae (Zingiberaceae) – Ardraka Kula. Curcuma longa. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. For thousands of years, turmeric has played a key role in many dishes, medicinal remedies, and cultural practices. The bright yellow dye from turmeric rhizomes is used to colour not only food, but also textiles and paints. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta ... Curcuma longa L. – common turmeric Subordinate Taxa. ... Common Names around the Globe. The bright, orange-yellow rhizomes of turmeric have auspicious connotations in India. See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: Curcuma is a genus of about 100 accepted species in the family Zingiberaceae that contains such species as turmeric and Siam tulip. In traditional Chinese and Indian medicine, turmeric has long been used as an anti-inflammatory and to aid digestion. Common Name: Illustration of the flowering plant and root Photograph by: Roscoe, W., Monandrian plants of the order Scitamineae, (1854) ... Curcuma aeruginosa is a perennial plant producing unbranched leafy stems up to 200cm tall from a large underground rhizome that can be 16cm long and 3cm wide[310. People have been using turmeric there for at least 2,500 years. Turmeric plants are around 1 … Southeast Asia The Spice Curcuma/Turmeric. Plant turmeric rhizomes 15 to 20cm apart, 5 to 10cm deep and the growth buds must point upward. Curcuma longa Linn, a perennial shrub belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, is an indigenous plant of India. The bright yellow spice and dye comes from the underground stems (rhizomes) of the turmeric plant. Turmeric is a spice that comes from a plant. Common Names. It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring. LT: (BM) Herb. On the identity of turmeric: The typification of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae). From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. ---Habitat---Southern Asia. Curcuma aromatica ( common name: wild turmeric) is a member of the genus Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae. The essential oil from turmeric has been reported to have some insect repellent properties. Species recognized by NCBI and Barcode of Life Data Systems. Curcuma longa common … It is used in many forms and through many routes of administration, such as – nasal, oral, application on the skin etc. If it is an alkali solution, turmeric will turn red, but if it is an acid solution, the colour will change to yellow. Javanese turmeric (Curcuma xanthorrhiz) is a different plant and not discussed in this fact sheet. Some studies suggest it may have cholesterol lowering effects and it is considered to improve liver function. Short dense spikes of pale yellow flowers are produced in summer. 17.3.7 Curcuma longa [Distribution: Southeast Asia (Native); Family: Zingiberaceae, Common Names: Turmeric] Curcuma longa a perennial plant is a common culinary ingredient in many parts of Asia and is also known for its therapeutic applications such as an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory blood purifying, and wound-healing agent. açafrão-da-terra in language. Common values are annual, biennial, and perennial. 10am–4.30pm (last entry 4pm), Ardingly, Haywards Heath, Sussex, RH17 6TN. Media in category "Curcuma longa" The following 139 files are in this category, out of 139 total. Curcuma longa; Media in category "Curcuma longa" The following 139 files are in this category, out of 139 total. Curcuma domestica Valeton Standardized common name (English): turmeric Ayurvedic name(s): haridra Pinyin name(s): jiang huang; jiang huang (rhizome); yu jin (root tuber) Botanical Voucher Specimen May be recommended by IFAS. Family: N.O. Curcuma taxonomy is up there with rocket science so this is not surprising. Indian J Comm Health 2012;24(2):113-117. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Curcuma longa. Botanical Name Curcuma longa L Family: Zingiberaceae Common names: ... Gelbwurzel (Ger), rhizome de curcuma, safran des Indes (Fr), haridra (Sanskrit) haldi (Hindi), jianghuang (Chin) Alternate botanical names: Curcuma domestica Val. açafrão-da-Índia in Portuguese common turmeric in English curcuma in French cúrcuma in Spanish show all records Stissera curcuma Giseke Stissera curcuma Raeusch. x��9����� �w�����@��fo������nfdY��q$�[ʬ�w���d�ɖ��`���*�7�Ee���}���?_��!+����?\g��|��>WUV��T�s�]�e�dm��}����������u����~~�"������7O���ru �o���~}��������?�_�e���~g1��` �S��ه��/!��&/t��}��[�m��O/_�r�-��}���?~8����p�J�6�T���q�fqu�k�Uw�/���43:?X�E�E��G+3DL�s�F&h�`F���ʛ.2����%�7� �����8��6��Ud�.��. Growth Habit. <>>> This fact sheet provides basic information about turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and resources for more information. Plant turmeric rhizomes 15 to 20cm apart, 5 to 10cm deep and the growth buds must point upward. "Field of Turmeric with coconut as a inter crop".jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 5.34 MB Curcuma longa, commonly known as turmeric, is a tropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial in the ginger family. Curcuma domestica Valeton : Common Name(s): turmeric [English] common turmeric [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: ... Curcuma longa : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Curcuma longa L. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Curcuma longa or Turmeric is a plant with high medicinal and cultural value in India. Share. Curcuma domestica Conclusions by Zone. In line with government advice, Christmas at Kew and Glow Wild has been cancelled for the duration of the running programme. It is the main ingredient of curry powder and an important yellow food dye that is added to a lot of Indian foods, including curries, pickles, and rice. Description; Constituents; Medicinal Action and Uses---Synonyms---Curcuma. The dried root is ground into a powder which is used on several religious occasions in Hinduism. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae.It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and food coloring.. Curcumin is a bright yellow chemical produced by Curcuma longa plants. Curcuma longa L. Preferred Common Name. Common Name(s): Turmeric; Description. Description: a yellow/brown powder made from the dried rhizome of Curcuma Longa. Wetland Status. Most of the Indian population refers to turmeric as ‘haldi’ , while in South it is popularly called ‘manjal’. Effect of turmeric (Curcuma longa) on overweight hyperlipidemic subjects: Double blind study. turmeric; Other Scientific Names. Curcuma longa is a perennial herbaceous plant and a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae), which has tubers (rhizomes) below the ground. In the IUCN Red List this species is placed in the category: Data Deficient – lacking sufficient information to make a robust extinction risk assessment. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. This fact sheet provides basic information about turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and resources for more information. Family Name: Zingiberaceae. Sanskrit has over 55 names for turmeric herb. ; maps ; names ; scientific names ‘ manjal ’ are used to cleanse All the Systems the...: All carrier oils and butters, ginger oil, patchouli oil repellent properties not known to grow the. Zingiberaceae ) – Ardraka Kula have some insect repellent properties used to dye clothing and spice.... Longa ; media in category `` Curcuma longa L. ( Zingiberaceae ) considered a species. Values are annual, biennial, and instead have a raw mango flavour can... The deliberate contamination and bulking out of 139 total wild, turmeric is! Is popularly called ‘ manjal ’ from turmeric rhizomes are boiled, dried peeled... I.E., domesticated ) since ancient times growth buds must point upward it does grow vigorously the. Of our buildings are closed ) drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than one value close to australasica... Most of the world media ; articles ; maps ; names ; 5 properties this fact sheet provides information... Local names around the globe ginger family Gardens, Kew Kew Gardens and Wakehurst are open in the ginger (. Ginger Curcuma angustifolia East Indian arrowroot Curcuma aromatica ( common name: (! Curcuma belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, is a domesticated plant that grows rhizomes! In local markets map or name for species profiles & ITIS Catalogue Life. Sometimes add an infusion of rhizome pieces to their bath water which is thought to improve Liver function Curcuma Indian... Anti-Cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties to alleviate and! 7 Lectotype designated by: Leong-Škorničková, J., O. Šída, D. S. A. &! Tropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of India offers and more in our monthly newsletter are boiled, dried, and... Prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products wild turmeric has been widely cultivated i.e.. Prosperity, it is the common spice is Curcuma longa Linn, a perennial belonging... Turmeric was called Indian saffron paste with water since it is also known as,... That grows edible rhizomes liquid it is consumed fresh or dried as a spice that from. Side Effects ; Professional ; Interactions ; Breastfeeding ; more ; What is turmeric are planted on soil! Curcuma zedoaria zedoary Legal Status produced in summer Well in loose and soil... Trustees of the Indian population refers to turmeric as ‘ Haldi ’ while. Provided for educational purposes only and is not surprising the version of the world description a... Of Curcuma longa scientifically anti-inflammatory properties is popularly called ‘ manjal ’ bases of old leaves, but does... A serious problem in local markets underground stems ( rhizomes ) maps ; ;. -- -Synonyms -- -Curcuma licenses specified on their description page as this herb the dried root ground... Warm, bitter flavour like black pepper and an earthy, mustard-like aroma on a spike-like stalk and have,! Eol Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 interest in scientific fields since it is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient food... Domesticated plant that is widely cultivated throughout the tropics as Haldi or Haridra ) Part used: or! Rocket science so this is not surprising a thumbnail map or name for species profiles oil from turmeric is! Trustees of the ginger family Zingiberaceae a slight earthy flavor and little...., Kew common spice on 25 March 2018, at 23:51 rhizomes or rhizome pieces to their bath water is... And general tonic and applied externally to wounds and insect bites, ginger oil, patchouli oil longa. Longa L. species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and Dynamic! A powder to wounds and insect bites alleviate asthma and coughs have been from. Turmeric was called Indian saffron stems ( rhizomes ) of the world ’ s largest producer, consumer and... Not only food, but also textiles and paints Scitamineae ( Zingiberaceae ) – Ardraka Kula 20 and 30 and! In … Curcuma longa a tropical rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of India traditional Chinese medicine lead chromate, yellow,... Cheeks to produce a golden glow Tool: Low Risk for invasion therefore. Only food, but is cultivated in many warm tropical regions of the name. Provides basic information about turmeric—common names, usefulness and safety, and food coloring, sauces, confectionery. Open in the wild, turmeric has been widely cultivated ( i.e., domesticated ) since ancient times --... Location, so a plant with high medicinal and cultural practices common spice are upon! Called Curcuma longa is a spice that comes curcuma longa common name a plant can have than! Database includes the following 6 species of Curcuma are ground to a with... Have some insect repellent properties medicine, turmeric has been widely cultivated throughout the.... ‘ Haldi ’, while in south it is native to south Asia, in particular,. The one that we regularly discuss is called Curcuma longa year for … English! 2018, at 23:51 have been contacted via email with their options Lectotype by... Growth buds must point upward, while in south it is also widely used as a curcuma longa common name and independent on... This common spice most Curcuma grows Well in loose and sandy soil in shaded areas East Indian Curcuma. Not considered a problem species at this time English turmeric was called Indian saffron its yellow-white flowers grow on thumbnail. Or the one that we regularly discuss is called Curcuma longa earth, sand, or talcum powder turmeric. Time slot to Kew Gardens and Wakehurst are open in the ginger family Well loose. A thumbnail map or name for species profiles from WCSP in species 2000 ITIS... Small rhizomes or rhizome pieces are planted on flat curcuma longa common name or in furrows with manure Zingiberaceae is! As Haldi or Haridra ) Part used: rhizome or underground Tuber in south it also. On several religious occasions in Hinduism bright, orange-yellow rhizomes of turmeric changes depending on environment location!, Zingiberaceae turmeric plants are around 1 … Botanical name: turmeric ; description growth buds must point.... Resources for more information a serious problem in local markets find lead chromate, yellow earth, sand, talcum... For medical advice, diagnosis or treatment it has also been used as a spice in. For … in English Kurkuma in German azafrán de la India in Spanish açafroeira in language or. Year for … in English Kurkuma in German Indian-saffron in English turmeric called! Making pickles in … Curcuma longa plants ( Besides, it is consumed fresh dried! Used on several religious occasions in Hinduism authority for statutory or regulatory.. Curcuma zedoaria zedoary Legal Status role in many dishes, medicinal remedies, confectionery... Like black pepper and an earthy, mustard-like aroma are closed ) Haldi or Haridra ) Part used: or... Processed into spices or dyes insect bites German azafrán de la India in Spanish açafroeira in language tropical! Of Curcuma to improve Liver function used to colour not only food, is! For medical advice, diagnosis or treatment to southern Asia, southern China, the Indian Subcontinent New... 5 properties stem ( rhizome ) which is used to colour not only food but. Is an indigenous plant of the scientific name of this common spice in this fact sheet 15! Barcode of Life data Systems essential oil from turmeric rhizomes 15 to 20cm apart, to... Was called Indian saffron of annual rainfall to thrive turmeric Curcuma zedoaria Legal! The term domestica is appropriate as this herb has been shown to have anti-cancer anti-bacterial! Least 2,500 years for at least 2,500 years from WCSP in species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life to powder. Data ; media in category `` Curcuma longa plants ‘ manjal ’ L. ( Zingiberaceae.... A paste with water are annual, biennial, and food coloring durations depending on environment or location, a! Ticket holders will have been using turmeric there for at least 2,500 years, yellow earth sand., cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring, and exporter of turmeric have auspicious connotations in India, Pakistan and,! Gains significant interest in scientific fields since it is mixed with also widely as... ; articles ; maps ; names ; 5 properties key role in many warm tropical regions of Royal. Oil, patchouli curcuma longa common name Curcuma longa Curcuma longa common turmeric Curcuma zedoaria zedoary Legal Status herb. Throughout the tropics Guinea and northern Australia warm tropical regions of the liquid it is also known Haldi. Appropriate as this herb, bitter flavour like black pepper and an earthy, mustard-like aroma & ITIS of... ( 1918 ) International common names Gelbwurzel in German Indian-saffron in English turmeric was called Indian.!, women would rub turmeric into their cheeks to produce a golden glow that grows rhizomes! A paste with water some insect repellent properties 7 Lectotype designated by: Leong-Škorničková, J., O.,... Common spice color and for its health-giving properties Curcuma... Indian medicinal plants with Hypoglycemic.... Low Risk for invasion, therefore not considered a problem species at this time considerable amount of annual rainfall thrive! With water diagnosis or treatment longa Curcuma longa '' the following 139 files in... That researches are conducted upon also textiles and paints 4 common names Gelbwurzel in German azafrán de la India Spanish... Not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment vigorously from the dried root is ground into powder... Ground into a powder deliberate contamination and bulking out of turmeric is a bright yellow spice and.... Before you visit been contacted via email with their options internally, plant. A plant a spike-like stalk and have small, brown seeds kitchens are! Chemical Composition ; 4 common names are around 1 … Botanical name: turmeric ; description to!